Kutumiza zithunzi zolaula pamunsi pa lamulo la Scotland

"Kutumizirana zolaula" sikoyenera. Kutumiza zolaula ndi "zinthu zodzionetsera zolaula”Zimachitika makamaka kudzera pa mafoni. Pakadali pano, "kutumizirana zithunzi zolaula" ku Scotland kumatha kuzengedwa mlandu m'modzi mwamalamulo ambiri ndipo ndizovuta. Ndime zamalamulo zomwe zatchulidwazi ndizomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi oweluza milandu. Chilichonse chomwe timachitcha, 'kutumizirana zolaula' ndichinthu chodziwika kwambiri pakati pa ana ndi akulu omwe. Chifukwa choti mwana amavomereza kupanga kapena kutumiza chithunzi, sizikupanga kukhala kovomerezeka. Upandu wothandizidwa ndi cyber ndi amodzi mwa magulu omwe akukula mwachangu kwambiri masiku ano.

Cholakwika cha kusokonekera ndikulowa munjira yamakhalidwe ndicholinga chobweretsa mantha komanso kuwawa. Zonse kapena gawo limodzi lamachitidwe amenewo limatha kukhala lam'manja kapena kugwiritsa ntchito malo ochezera a pa TV ndikufalitsa zinthu zokhudza munthu ameneyo. Zikuchulukirachulukira pakati pa ana. Sikuti amangonena za munthu. 

Mtsogoleri wathu wamkulu, a Mary Sharpe, ndi membala wa Gulu Loyimira Milandu komanso College of Justice. Ali ndi chidziwitso chazamalamulo pazamalamulo komanso pamlandu. A Mary Sharpe pakadali pano ali pamndandanda wosagwira ntchito pomwe akuchita nawo zachifundo. Ndiwosangalala kuyankhula ndi makolo, masukulu ndi mabungwe ena wamba za zomwe zingachitike pokana lamulo lokhudza zolaula. Sadzatha kupereka upangiri wazamalamulo pamilandu yapadera.

Malamulo aupandu ku Scotland ndi osiyana ndi malamulo ku England ndi Wales ndi Northern Ireland. Onani izi nkhani Zokhudza momwe ziliri ndi zathu tsamba pa iyo. Akuluakulu azamalamulo amadandaula za zomwe ophunzira ndi atolankhani amatcha "kutumizirana zolaula" ngati mlandu wina uliwonse womwe ungachitike. Amachita izi payekhapayekha. Ana ochepera zaka 16 nthawi zambiri amatumizidwa ku Njira Yomvera Ana. Pakachitika zolakwa zazikulu monga kugwiriridwa, ana omwe ali ndi zaka za 16 amatha kuthana ndi dongosolo lazachilungamo ku Khoti Lalikulu la Justiciary.

Ngati mwapezedwa wolakwa, ziganizo zake ndizambiri. Adzaphatikizanso zidziwitso pa Kalata Yogonana Amuna azaka za 16 zaka zambiri ndikupitilira makhothi opalamula milandu. 

Kwa ana ochepera zaka 16, kugona achiwerewere kumawerengedwa ngati "kukhudzika" pazolinga za Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 ngakhale sanatchulidwe motero mu Children's Hearing System. Pansi pa chatsopano Kuwulura (Scotland) Lamulo 2020, achinyamata nthawi zambiri sadzafunika kufotokozera zolakwa ngati izi akafunsira ntchito pokhapokha akafuna kugwira ntchito ndi magulu omwe ali pachiwopsezo kuphatikiza ana. Zikatero milandu yokhudza kugonana ingatchulidwe satifiketi yowulula. Makolo ayenera kufunsa upangiri wazamalamulo pazinthu zatsopanozi.

Zovuta zakugonana pazantchito, moyo wapagulu komanso mayendedwe a munthu wazaka zosaposa 16, ndizofunikira ndipo sizimamveka bwino. Nayi fayilo ya mlandu kuyambira 2021 pamene pempholi la wophunzira wachinyamata wazamalamulo ku Edinburgh kuti dzina lake lichotsedwe pamndandanda wa ana azolakwa akadali wachinyamata lidakanidwa.

Kuchokera mu lipoti lamilandu: "Wotsatirayo adaweruzidwa milandu itatu pansi pa Chigamulo cha Kugonana (Scotland) Act 2009 mu Okutobala 2018. Zolakwazo zinali zofanananso mwatsatanetsatane, zomwe zimakhudzana ndi yemwe adatsata adayika manja ake pa mawere, miyendo, ndi maliseche pazovala zawo, ndipo adazipanga motsutsana ndi odandaula atatu achichepere. Panthawi yolakwayo, odandaula anali azaka zapakati pa 13 ndi 16 ndipo omwe amawatsata anali azaka zapakati pa 14 ndi 16. Zolakwazo zimachitika m'malo opezeka anthu ambiri ndipo amafotokozedwa kuti zimakhudzana ndi "mphamvu, kuwongolera, komanso machitidwe osokoneza". "

Ngakhale kuti mlanduwu sunakhudzane ndi zolaula, nkhawa zomwezo zokhudzana ndi mphamvu, kuwongolera komanso kuwanyengerera zitha kugwiranso ntchito ngati anthu atumizirana zolaula.

 Mwambiri, zikhulupiriro zakubwana, kuphatikiza zomwe zachitika kudzera mu Makutu a Ana, sizidzaululidwanso kwa omwe akufuna kukulembani ntchito ndipo adzakhala oyenerera kuwunikiridwa pawokha kudzera ku Khothi Lalikulu. Njira yomalizirayi ikuyenera kuchitidwa ndi wachinyamata payekha.

Momwe zandalama komanso kuchitira nkhanza zachiwawa zikuchulukirachulukira, olamulira azandale akuyamba kuchitapo kanthu. Aphunzitsi, makolo ndi ana ayenera kudziwitsa za kuopsa kwake. Ma pepala omwe ali ndi zithunzi zoyipa zomwe adalandira kuchokera kwa ena akhoza kuimbidwanso nawo mlandu.

Reward Foundation yakhazikitsa njira zophunzitsira masukulu zamalamulo m'derali. Ngati mukufuna, lemberani CEO wathu ku mary@rewardfoundation.org kuti mumve zambiri.

Izi ndizo zowunikira zalamulo ndipo sizinapangidwe uphungu walamulo.

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