Chivomerezo chalamulo

Kodi chilolezo ndi chiani?

Izi ndizo zowunikira zalamulo ndipo sizinapangidwe uphungu walamulo.

The Mchitidwe Wachiwerewere ku England ndi Wales ku 2003, komanso Lamulo la Kugonana pa Zogonana ku Scotland mu 2009, adafotokoza zomwe kuvomerezedwa kumatanthauza chifukwa chotsutsana ndi lamulo lachigololo.

Lamuloli lapangitsa kuti chigwirizano cha chigwirizano chikhale chophatikizira kuti "munthu (A) alowe mkati mwa mbolo yake," komanso (tsopano) ndi anus kapena pakamwa la munthu wina (B), kaya mwachangu kapena mosasamala, popanda chilolezo cha munthuyo, ndipo popanda kukhulupirira kuti B amavomereza. "

Pansi pa malamulo a Scottish, "chilolezo chimatanthawuza kuti palibe mgwirizano."

"59. Ndime (2) (a) imapereka kuti palibe mgwirizano waulere pomwe mayendedwe amachitika panthawi yomwe wodandaula sangathe, chifukwa chakumwa mowa kapena china chilichonse, chovomera. Zotsatira za gawo lino sikutanthauza kuti munthu sangathe kuvomereza zogonana atamwa mowa kapena kumwa chilichonse choledzeretsa. Munthu atha kumwa mowa (kapena china chilichonse choledzeretsa), ndipo atha kukhala ataledzera, osataya mwayi wovomereza. Komabe panthawi yomwe amakhala ataledzera mpaka kutaya mwayi wosankha kuchita nawo zachiwerewere, zogonana zilizonse zomwe zimachitika, amachita izi popanda wodandaula. ”

Kodi nkhani yake ndiyotani? M'malamulo aboma, popanga mgwirizano mwachitsanzo, chilolezo chimatanthauza kuvomereza chinthu chomwecho. M'malamulo amilandu, zimatanthauza china chake chofananira ndi chilolezo. Magulu onse azamalamulo akufuna kuphatikiza malingaliro pakugwiritsa ntchito molakwika mphamvu zawo. Kukhazikitsa 'chilolezo' ndiimodzi mwamagawo ovuta kwambiri amilandu yokhudza zachiwerewere. Pali zifukwa zitatu izi.

Choyamba, zimakhala zovuta kudziwa zomwe zikuchitika m'malingaliro a munthu wina. Kodi mukukangana ndi chiwonetsero chakuti kugonana ndiko pakali pano kapena kukuitanani kuti muyambe kukwatirana ndi kuthekera kugonana nthawi ina? Kodi ndizofunika kuti amuna azikhala olimbikitsa kwambiri 'kulimbikitsa' akazi kuti azichita nawo zachiwerewere komanso kuti amayi azigonjera ndi kumvera? Zithunzi zolaula pa intaneti zimalimbikitsa kwambiri kugonana kumeneku.

Chachiwiri, mchitidwe wogonana umachitika mseri popanda mboni. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ngati pali mkangano pa zomwe zidachitika, oweluza milandu ayenera kusankha nkhani ya munthu m'modzi kuposa mnzake. Nthawi zambiri amayenera kupereka umboni kuchokera pazomwe zidachitika kutsogoloku mpaka zomwe zakhala zikukhala maphwando. Amakhala bwanji pachisangalalo kapena m'malo omwera mowa kapena ubale wawo wakale, ngati ulipo? Ngati ubalewo wachitika pa intaneti wokha zomwe zingakhale zovuta kutsimikizira.

Chachitatu, chifukwa cha masautso omwe angabwere chifukwa cha kugwiriridwa, kuganiziridwa kwa wodandaula kwa mfundo ndi ndemanga kapena malankhulidwe opangidwa posakhalitsa pambuyo pake akhoza kusiyanasiyana. Izi zingachititse kuti zikhale zovuta kuti ena adziwe zomwe zinachitikadi. Izi zimakhala zovuta kwambiri pamene mowa kapena mankhwala osokoneza bongo aperekedwa.

Vuto lomwe achinyamata ali nalo ndikuti gawo lamalingaliro aubongo likuwathamangitsa kukachita zachiwerewere, kutenga chiopsezo ndi kuyesa, pomwe gawo lomveka laubongo lomwe limathandizira kuyika mabuleki pamakhalidwe owopsa silinakhazikike bwino. Izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kwambiri ngati mowa kapena mankhwala osokoneza bongo akuphatikizidwa. Pomwe zingatheke anyamata ayenera kufunafuna 'chilolezo chokhudzidwa' pakugonana ndikuonetsetsa kuti kuvomereza kwaperekedwa pamene wokondedwa waledzera. Kuti muphunzitse ana izi, onetsani izi zoseketsa zojambula za kuvomera kapu ya tiyi. Ndiwanzeru kwambiri ndipo imathandizira kumveketsa mfundoyo.

Chilolezo chovomerezeka ndi njira yovomerezana yomwe munthu sangapatsidwe, koma zimangotengera zomwe munthu amachita komanso zowona zake (kapena nthawi zina, ndi chete kapena kusachita). M'mbuyomu, anthu omwe adakwatirana amawerengedwa kuti apereka "chilolezo chololeza" kuti agonane, chiphunzitso chomwe chimaletsa kuweruza mnzake chifukwa chogwirira. Chiphunzitsochi tsopano chimawoneka kuti ndichachikale m'maiko ambiri. Kuledzera komabe kumatha kupangitsa amuna ena kupita patali kwambiri kukakamiza akazi kuchita zachiwerewere popanda chilolezo. Mwawona nkhani iyi kuchokera ku Australia.

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