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Magazini Yapadera Meyi 2021

Takulandilani aliyense ku nkhani zaposachedwa za Nkhani Zopindulitsa. Yakhala nthawi yotanganidwa kwambiri kwa ife kuyankhula ndi sukulu, magulu akatswiri omwe amachita ndi ana ndi achinyamata, ndikukonzekera mayankho pamafunso aboma kunyumba ndi kunja. Komabe mu kope ili tikuganizira za kuchoka kwa m'modzi mwa mamembala a gululi kuti aphunzitse anthu za zolaula, Gary Wilson. Timaperekanso ndondomeko pazomwe boma la UK likuchita, kapena sakuchita, kuteteza ana ku zowawa zowonekera mosavuta pazinthu zolimba. Udzakhala ndi gawo lakusunthira patsogolo. Palinso kafukufuku wina watsopano wofunikira. Khalani omasuka kulumikizana ndi ine, Mary Sharpe, pa mary@rewardfoundation.org kutumiza zopempha za chilichonse chomwe mungafune kuti tiwone. 

Gary Wapita

Gary Wilson Nkhani Zopindulitsa

Ndizachisoni chachikulu kuti timalengeza zaimfa ya bwenzi lathu komanso mnzathu, Gary Wilson. Adamwalira pa 20 Meyi 2021 chifukwa cha zovuta zina chifukwa cha matenda a Lyme. Amasiya mkazi wake Marnia, mwana Arion ndi galu wokondeka, Smokey. Chofalitsa chili pano: Wolemba wogulitsa kwambiri wa Ubongo Wanu pa Zithunzi, Gary Wilson, wamwalira

Kupatula kukhala m'modzi chabe mwa anthu oganiza bwino, anzeru komanso anzeru omwe tidawadziwapo, Gary ndiwopadera kwa ife chifukwa ntchito yake inali yolimbikitsa zachifundo chathu The Reward Foundation. Tidalimbikitsidwa kwambiri ndi nkhani yake yotchuka ya TEDx "Kuwona Zolaula Kwakukulu”Mu 2012, tsopano tili ndi malingaliro opitilira 14 miliyoni, kuti tikufuna kufalitsa chidziwitso ndi chiyembekezo kuti ntchito yake yabweretsa kwa iwo omwe akuvutika mwadala kapena mosazindikira ndi zolaula. Anali woganiza koyambirira komanso wakhama pantchito. Koposa zonse, anali wolimba mtima wotsimikizira chowonadi chasayansi. Adachita izi poyang'anizana ndi otsutsa omwe adatsogola omwe adakana zolaula paubongo.

Mphunzitsi waluso komanso wofufuza

Gary anali wofufuza wathu waulemu. Anali wolemba nawo limodzi ndi madokotala 7 aku US Navy pa seminal "Kodi Zolaula Zapaintaneti Zikuyambitsa Mavuto Azakugonana? Ndemanga ndi Malipoti a Zipatala ”. Pepalali lakhala ndi malingaliro ambiri kuposa pepala lina lililonse m'mbiri ya magazini yotchuka, Behaeveal Sciences. Anali mlembi wa omwe atchulidwa kwambiri "Chotsani Zithunzi Zolaula Paintaneti Gwiritsani Ntchito Kuulula Zotsatira Zake (2016). Monga mphunzitsi waluso wokhala ndi nthabwala zowuma, adapangitsa kuphunzira kukhala kosavuta. Gary mofunitsitsa adapereka nthawi yake kutithandiza ndi ziwonetsero zosiyanasiyana ndi mapulani aphunziro. Anathandiza aliyense amene anafuna thandizo lake. Adzasowa kwambiri.

Gary anali munthu woyamba kufotokoza pagulu pazomwe zitha kukhala zolaula pa intaneti mukulankhula kwa TEDx ku 2012. Ukadaulo komanso kuwona zolaula kwayamba modabwitsa mzaka zapitazi. Nthawi yomweyo zolaula zakhala zikukolera anthu ambiri. Pakati pa ogwiritsa ntchito zolaula mitengo yazakugonana yakwera chaka ndi chaka. Kukula kumeneku kwachitika limodzi ndi kutsika kwakukulu kwa libido komanso kukhutira ndi anthu omwe ali pachibwenzi nawo.

Ubongo Wanu pa Zithunzi

Uku kunali kutchuka kwa nkhani ya TEDx yomwe Gary adalimbikitsidwa ndi ambiri kuti ayisinthe ngati buku. Izi zidakhala "Ubongo Wanu pa Zithunzi Zolaula - Zolaula pa intaneti komanso Sayansi Yotsogola". Ndilo buku logulitsidwa kwambiri m'gulu lake ku Amazon. Kope lachiwiri limakhudza zovuta zakugonana (CSBD). World Health Organisation tsopano yaphatikizira CSBD ngati vuto lotha kuyendetsa bwino zinthu ku International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Ofufuza otsogola komanso azachipatala awonanso momwe mitundu yazogwiritsira ntchito zolaula ingatchulidwe kuti ndi "vuto linalake chifukwa cha zizolowezi zosokoneza bongo" mu ICD-11. Posachedwapa zambiri zachilengedwe onetsani kuti zolaula zimagwiritsa ntchito zizolowezi zakugonana zitha kutchulidwa kuti ndizokonda m'malo mokakamiza kuwongolera. Chifukwa chake Gary anali wolondola komanso wodziwa bwino kwambiri malingaliro ake pazokhudza zolaula.

Bukhu lake likupezeka tsopano m'kope lake lachiwiri papepala, Kindle komanso e-book. Bukuli tsopano lamasulira m'Chijeremani, Chidatchi, Chiarabu, Chihungary, Chijapani, Chirasha. Zinenero zina zingapo zili mkati mwa njira.

Chikumbutso cha Gary

Mwana wake wamwamuna Arion akumanga tsamba lokumbukira. Mutha kuwerenga ndemanga apa: Comments. Ndipo lembani anu pano, ngati mukufuna, ngakhale osakudziwitsani: Moyo wa Gary Wilson. Gawo la ndemanga pachikumbutso ndi umboni wowona wa miyoyo ingati yomwe adakhudza mwanjira yabwino. Anthu ambiri anena kuti anapulumutsa moyo wawo.

Ntchito yake ipitilira kudzera mwa ife ndi ena ambiri omwe ali mgulu lankhondo lomwe likukula la anthu omwe azindikira kuwonongeka kosadziwika, kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula kungabweretse. Ntchito yake imabweretsa chiyembekezo kwa anthu masauzande ambiri omwe akuvutika ndikudziwa kuti, pochotsa zolaula m'miyoyo yawo, sangathe kungochiritsa ubongo wawo, komanso kuyika miyoyo yawo patsogolo kuposa kale. Zikomo, Gary. Ndiwe ngwazi yamasiku ano yoona. Timakukondani.

Chonde thandizani Ndemanga Zakuweruza motsutsana ndi Boma la UK

Khamu Chilungamo Mwana Wabwino Wopindulitsa
Ioannis ndi Ava

Kodi mukufuna kuteteza ana ku zolaula zolaula? Chonde thandizirani izi zochita zambiri. Tikupereka nthawi yathu ndi ntchito zathu kwaulere komanso tikupereka ndalama.

Khothi lapadera lomwe lati kuwunikiranso milandu likubweretsedwa motsutsana ndi boma la UK chifukwa cholephera kukhazikitsa Gawo 3 la Digital Economy Act 2017 (DEA). Kuwunikanso milandu ndikutsutsa kuvomerezeka kwa zisankho za maboma, makamaka boma kapena boma. Khothi liri ndi udindo "woyang'anira" onetsetsani kuti wopanga zisankho akuchita mogwirizana ndi malamulo. Ganizirani "prorogation" patsogolo pa Brexit.

Boma la Conservative lidakhazikitsa DEA ndipo lidaperekedwa ndi onse mnyumba zonse. Komabe monga muwonera kuchokera pamwambapa, Boris Johnston adachikoka kutatsala sabata imodzi kuti ichitike ndikukhazikitsa malamulo. Palibe amene ananeneratu za mliriwu, koma zotsatira zakusakwaniritsidwa kwa izi zatanthawuza kuti mamiliyoni osawerengeka a ana adakhala ndi mwayi wopeza zolaula zolaula panthawi yotsekedwa pomwe amakhala kunyumba osasangalatsidwa ndi intaneti kuti aziwaseketsa. Pornhub, ngakhale amapereka malo awo okwera mtengo kwambiri kwaulere panthawiyi ngati njira yolimbikitsira ogwiritsa ntchito atsopano.

Background

Pali ofunsira awiri kukhothi ili. Choyamba, Ioannis, bambo wa ana aamuna anayi, m'modzi mwa iwo anali atawonapo zolaula pa foni yapasukulu. Patatsala milungu ingapo kuti nkhaniyi ichitike, Ioannis ndi mkazi wake adazindikira kuti mwana wawo wamwamuna wasintha kwambiri. Poyambirira amangoyika kupsinjika komwe mwina anali nako mkati mwa mliri wa covid. Zina mwazinthu zomwe adaziwona zinali: kudzipatula, kuchitira nkhanza abale ndi alongo, kutaya chidwi ndi zinthu zomwe amakonda. Pambuyo poyimba foni kuchokera kusukulu, makolo adazindikira kuti kusintha kwamakhalidwe kumalumikizidwa mwachindunji ndi mwayi wopeza zolaula.

Wofunsira wachiwiri ndi mtsikana wotchedwa Ava. Mu Marichi 2021, Ava adayamba kulemba maumboni kuchokera kwa ophunzira achichepere za nkhanza zakugonana komanso nkhanza zomwe adakumana nazo kuchokera kwa ophunzira pasukulu yasukulu yodziyimira pawokha. Chidwi chake chinali chachikulu; Atsikana azaka za 12 anali kulumikizana naye kuti afotokozere mwatsatanetsatane zomwe adakumana nazo pachikhalidwe chogwiriridwa komanso nkhanza zosaneneka zomwe adakumana nazo kusukulu. Adayika maumboni awa mu kalata yotseguka kwa mphunzitsi wamkulu pasukulupo kumufunsa kuti alankhule za chikhalidwe chakusalabadira akazi ndi kukhazikitsa njira zothandiza kuti opulumuka amve kuthandizidwa

Kalatayo tsopano yafikira anthu opitilira 50,000 pa Instagram mokha. Idawonetsedwa pa BBC News, Sky News, ITV News ndi zofalitsa zina zambiri.

Musachedwe

Ngati sitigwiritsa ntchito lamuloli, pali chiwopsezo chachikulu kuti Lamulo Latsopano Lachitetezo cha pa Intaneti silingakonde masamba azolaula, zomwe lamuloli likufuna. Ngakhale ikadzaphimba, itha kukhala zaka zitatu isanawone kuwala kwa dzuwa. Njira yabwino kwambiri yotetezera ana ndikukhazikitsa Gawo 3 la DEA pano. Boma litha kudzaza mipata iliyonse ndi Bill yatsopano yapaintaneti pambuyo pake.

Zambiri za makolo, aphunzitsi & opanga mfundo

Marshall Ballantine-Jones Nkhani Zopindulitsa

Tidasangalala kulandira kulumikizidwa ndi Dr Marshall Ballantine-Jones PhD ochokera ku Australia masabata awiri apitawa pomwe adaphatikizira mowolowa manja buku lake Phunziro la PhD. Tidachita chidwi ndi nkhani yake, tidakambirana za Zoom patatha masiku angapo.

Marshall adatiuza kuti atakhala nawo ku Summit ku 2016 yokhudza kafukufuku wokhudza zolaula kwa ana ndi achinyamata, adazindikira kuti palibe mgwirizano woti ndi njira ziti zomwe ofufuza akuyenera kupitiliza: maphunziro a makolo? Maphunziro kwa ogwiritsa ntchito achichepere? Kapena kulowererapo ndi anzawo? Zotsatira zake, a Marshall adaganiza zokhazikitsa njira zawo zophunzitsira m'malo onse atatu ndikuyesa gulu labwino la anthu monga maziko aziphunzitso zake.

Phunziroli limatchedwa "Kuwona ngati pulogalamu yamaphunziro ili yothandiza kuti muchepetse zovuta zomwe zimawonetsedwa mwa zolaula pakati pa achinyamata." Idaperekedwa ku Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney ndipo ndikuwunikanso bwino kafukufuku waposachedwa mderali. Ikufotokoza zovulaza zamaganizidwe, thupi komanso chikhalidwe.

Marshall adachita kafukufuku woyamba kuti apange kafukufuku woyambira wa kuwonera zolaula komanso momwe amaonera zolaula mu zitsanzo za ophunzira aku sekondale a 746 Year 10, azaka 14-16, ochokera ku sukulu zodziyimira za New South Wales (NSW). Kulowererako kunali pulogalamu yamaphunziro sikisi, yolumikizidwa ndi chingwe cha Health and Physical Education cha Australia National Curriculum, yochitidwa pa 347 Year 10 ophunzira ochokera ku sukulu zodziyimira pawokha za NSW, azaka 14-16. Pulogalamuyo idapangidwa ndi wofufuzayo, mothandizana ndi aphunzitsi pasukulu, makolo, ndi ophunzira aku sekondale.

Mawuwo

"Kufananitsa kwa zomwe zidalipo komanso pambuyo pa kulowererapo kwawonetsa kuwonjezeka kwakukulu pamalingaliro athanzi okhudzana ndi zolaula, malingaliro abwino kwa akazi, komanso malingaliro pagulu. Kuphatikiza apo, ophunzira omwe amakhala ndi zizolowezi zowonera pafupipafupi adachulukitsa kuyesetsa kwawo kuti achepetse kuwonera, ndikuwonjezera kukayikira kwawo pakuwonera zolaula. Ophunzira achikazi adachepetsedwa pang'ono podzikweza pawokha pazama media ndi zolaula zomwe zimawonedwa pafupipafupi.

Panali umboni wina wosonyeza kuti njira yolankhulirana ndi makolo inachulukitsa kulumikizana kwa makolo ndi ophunzira, pomwe kuchita nawo anzawo kunathandizira kuchepetsa kukopa kwa chikhalidwe cha anzawo. Ophunzira sanakhale ndi machitidwe ovuta kapena malingaliro atamaliza maphunzirowo. Ophunzira omwe amakonda kuwona zolaula amakhala ndi zovuta zambiri, omwe amatsogolera machitidwe awo owonera kotero kuti, ngakhale kuwonjezeka kwa malingaliro otsutsana ndi zolaulaosasunthika pakuwona zolaula, kapena kuyesetsa kuchepetsa machitidwe osayenerakuwonera kufalikira sikunachepe. Kuphatikiza apo, panali zovuta zakuchulukirachulukira muubwenzi wamwamuna ndi kholo pambuyo pazochitika zakunyumba, komanso ubale pakati pawo ndi akazi pambuyo pazokambirana ndi anzawo kapena pazomwe amaphunzitsira.

"Pulogalamuyi inali yothandiza pochepetsa mavuto angapo obwera chifukwa chakuwonera zolaula, zikhalidwe zogonana, komanso zokomera anzawo, pogwiritsa ntchito njira zitatu zophunzitsira, kuchita nawo anzawo, komanso ntchito za makolo. Khalidwe lokakamiza lidalepheretsa kuyesetsa kuchepetsa kuwonera zolaula mwa ophunzira ena, kutanthauza kuti thandizo lina lothandizira lingafunikire kuthandizira omwe akuvutika kuti asinthe machitidwe awo. Kuphatikiza apo, kuchita nawo zinthu zachinyamata pa intaneti kumatha kubweretsa mikhalidwe yankhanza, yomwe imakhudza kudzidalira, ndikusintha momwe amawonera zolaula komanso zikhalidwe zogonana. ”

Nkhani yabwino

Ndi nkhani yabwino kuti owonera achichepere ambiri atha kuthandizidwa ndi zolowetsa mu maphunziro, koma sizabwino kuti iwo omwe akhala owonerera mokakamizidwa sangathandizidwe ndi maphunziro okha. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kulowererapo kwa boma monga kudzera mu njira yotsimikizira zaka ndikofunikira. Zikutanthauzanso kuti othandizira ambiri amafunikira, omwe ali ophunzitsidwa bwino, tikukhulupirira, ndikumvetsetsa zakukonda kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula pa intaneti, potengera momwe kuwonongera zolaula kungakhalire kwa ogwiritsa ntchito achinyamata. Zikuwonekeratu kuti zochuluka kwambiri zimayenera kuchitidwa kudzera pamaphunziro ndi kafukufuku wazomwe zingathandize kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa anthu ogwiritsa ntchito. Tikukhulupirira athu mapulani anu a maphunziro  ndi chitsogozo cha makolo kuonera zolaula pa intaneti, onse aulere, adzathandizira pantchito yofunikayi yophunzitsa.

Bill Yotetezedwa Paintaneti - Kodi iteteza ana ku zolaula zolaula?

Child

Pofika zisankho mu 2019, boma la UK lidasunga Gawo 3 la Digital Economy Act 2017 sabata limodzi lisanachitike. Umenewu unali lamulo lotsimikizira zaka zakubadwa ndipo limatanthauza kuti zotchinjiriza zolonjezedwa zoteteza ana ku zovuta zolaula pa intaneti sizinachitike. Chifukwa chomwe chaperekedwa panthawiyo chinali chakuti amafuna kuphatikiza masamba azanema komanso malo azamalonda monga ana ndi achinyamata ambiri amapeza zolaula pamenepo. New Safety Bill yatsopano ndi zomwe akupereka kuti athandize.

Blog yotsatirayi ndi wolemba padziko lonse lapansi wachitetezo cha ana pa intaneti, a John Carr OBE. Mmenemo akuwunika zomwe boma likupanga mu Bill yatsopano yapaintaneti yolengezedwa mu Kulankhula kwa Mfumukazi kwa 2021. Mudzadabwa ngati sichoncho, mwakhumudwa.

Kulankhula Kwa Mfumukazi

M'mawa wa 11 Meyi Meyi Kulankhula kwa Mfumukazi kudaperekedwa ndipo lofalitsidwa. Masana, MP wa a Caroline Dinenage adawonekera pamaso pa Communications and Digital Committee of the House of Lords. A Dinenage ndi Nduna ya Boma yoyang'anira zomwe tsopano zasinthidwa kukhala "Ndalama Zotetezera Paintaneti". Poyankha funso la Lord Lipsey, iye anati zotsatirazi (pendani ku 15.26.50)

"(Bill) idzateteza ana posangotenga malo omwe anthu ambiri amaonera zolaula komanso zolaula pazanema ”.

Izi sizowona.

Monga momwe zalembedwera pakadali pano pa Online Safety Bill okha kumasamba kapena ntchito zomwe zimalola kusakanikirana kwa ogwiritsa ntchito, ndiye kuti masamba kapena ntchito zomwe zimalola kuyanjana pakati pa ogwiritsa kapena kulola ogwiritsa ntchito kutsitsa zomwe zili. Awa ndi omwe amadziwika kuti ndi malo ochezera kapena zithandizo. Komabe, ena mwa “Malo ambiri oonetsa zolaula”Mwina salola kuti anthu azigwiritsa ntchito anzawo mosavuta kapena atha kuthawa mosavuta malamulo omwe adalembedwa mwanjira imeneyi pokhapokha atadzawaletsa mtsogolo. Izi sizingasokoneze mtundu wawo wabizinesi mwanjira iliyonse, ngati zingatero.

Mukumva pafupifupi ma champagne cork akutuluka m'maofesi a Pornhub ku Canada.

Tsopano pitani patsogolo mozungulira 12.29.40 pomwe Minister anenanso

"(Malinga ndi kafukufuku wofalitsidwa ndi BBFC mu 2020) ndi 7% yokha mwa ana omwe adapeza zolaula adachita izi kudzera m'masamba olaula ... .ngakhale ana omwe amafunafuna zolaula adachita izi kudzera pa TV"

Momwe ana amawonera zolaula

Ichinso sichabodza monga tebulo ili likuwonetsera:

kupezeka mwadala zolaula

Zomwe tatchulazi zatengedwa kuchokera ku kafukufuku wopangidwa ndi BBFC ndi Kuulula Zowona (ndipo onani zomwe akunena m'thupi la lipoti lonena za ana omwe amaonera zolaula pa intaneti pamaso anali atakwanitsa zaka 11). Kumbukirani kuti tebulo likuwonetsa ndi njira zitatu zazikulu zolaula za ana. Sangotulutsa kapena kusasiyana wina ndi mnzake. Mwana atha kuwona zolaula pa intaneti kapena kudzera pazosaka, pa tsamba lapa TV ndi tsamba lodzipereka lolaula. Kapenanso mwina adawonapo zolaula pa TV kamodzi, koma pitani ku Pornhub tsiku lililonse. 

Kodi Tidzakhala ndi Zithunzi Zamalonda Zotulutsidwa?

Kafukufuku wina lofalitsidwa sabata yatha Kulankhula kwa Mfumukazi kumayang'ana azaka 16 ndi 17 azaka. Zinapeza kuti ngakhale 63% adati adakumana ndi zolaula pazanema, 43% adati adatero komanso adayendera masamba azolaula.

Gawo 3 la Digital Economy Act 2017 makamaka idalankhula za “Malo oonera zolaula ambiri.” Izi ndizo zamalonda, monga Pornhub. Pofotokoza chifukwa chomwe Boma silinakwaniritse Gawo 3 ndipo tsopano likufuna kuti lisinthe, ndinadabwa kumva Ndunayi ikuti ili gawo la 3 lomwe lakhudzidwa ndi "Kuthamanga kwa kusintha kwamatekinoloje" popeza sinaphatikizepo masamba azanema.

Kodi Ndunayi akukhulupiriradi kuti zolaula pa malo ochezera a pa Intaneti zangokhala vuto lalikulu mzaka zinayi zapitazi? Ndili pafupi kuyesedwa kuti ndinene “Ngati ndi choncho, ndasiya”.

Pomwe Bill Yachuma cha Pakompyuta idadutsa mu Nyumba Yamalamulo magulu amwana ndi ena adakakamira kuti malo ochezera azikhala nawo koma Boma lidakana mosabisa kuti lisayankhidwe. Sindingatchule pomwe Gawo 3 lidalandira Royal Assent, a Boris Johnson anali Nduna ya Cabinet mu boma la Conservative la nthawiyo. Komanso sindinganene zomwe ndikhulupilira kuti ndizomwe zimapangitsa a Tories kuti asafune kupitiriza ndi zoletsa zolaula zapaintaneti chisankho cha Brexit General chisanachitike.

Secretary of State ndi a Julie Elliott kuti awapulumutse

Patatha masiku awiri Nduna Yowona Zakunja yaonekera ku Lords, Komiti Yosankha ya DCMS ya Nyumba Yamalamulo anakomana ndi Secretary of State Oliver Dowden MP. Pazopereka zake (pendekera ku 15: 14.10) MP wa a Julie Elliott adalunjika pomwepo ndikufunsa a Dowden kuti afotokozere chifukwa chomwe Boma lidasankha kuchotsa malo azamalonda pazamalonda.

Secretary of State adati amakhulupirira chiopsezo chachikulu cha ana “Kupunthwa” zolaula zinali kudzera pamawayilesi ochezera (onani pamwambapa) koma ngati zili zoona kapena ayi “Kupunthwa” sizomwe zili zofunika pano, makamaka kwa ana aang'ono kwambiri.

Anatinso "Amakhulupirira" “kudzidzimutsa ” malo azamalonda zolaula do ali ndi ogwiritsa ntchito pamtundu wawo chifukwa chake amakhala inscope. Sindinawonepo umboni uliwonse wotsimikizira izi, koma onani pamwambapa. Kungodina mbewa pang'ono ndi mwiniwake watsambalo kumatha kuchotsa zinthu zina. Ndalama zikuyenera kukhalabe zosakhudzidwa ndipo m'modzi ogulitsa amalonda amadzimasula ku mtengo ndi zovuta zakudziwitsa zaka zakubadwa ngati njira yokhayo yoletsa mwayi wopeza ana.

Kodi zingachitike bwanji?

Kodi Minister of State and Secretary of State sanadziwitsidwe bwino kapena samangomvetsetsa ndikumvetsetsa mwachidule zomwe adapatsidwa? Kaya malongosoledwe ake ndiotani chifukwa cha chidwi chomwe nkhaniyi yakhala ikuwonetsedwa munyuzipepala ndi Nyumba yamalamulo kwazaka zingapo.

Koma nkhani yabwino anali Dowden adati ngati a “Mogwirizana” Njira yomwe ingaphatikizidwe ndimalo amalo omwe kale anali ndi Part 3 ndiye anali wokhoza kuwalandira. Adatikumbutsa kuti izi zitha kutuluka pakuphatikizira limodzi komwe kuyambika posachedwa.

Ndikufikira pensulo yanga yofanana. Ndimaisunga m'dayala yapadera.

Bravo Julie Elliott kuti amvetsetse zomwe tonsefe timafunikira.

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