2 Mitu ndi ziphuphu za mawu June 2017

Philosophy Yathu pa Umoyo Wathanzi

Filosofi yathu kugonana ndikupanga kafukufuku waposachedwa pazomwe zimathandiza ndikulepheretsa thanzi lazakugonana kupezeka kwa anthu ambiri kuti aliyense athe kusintha moyo wake wachikondi. Kutengera ndi tanthauzo la World Health Organisation pankhani yokhudza kugonana:

"... umoyo wabwino, wamaganizo, wamaganizo ndi umoyo wokhudzana ndi kugonana; sikuti kungokhala kulibe matenda, kufooka kapena kufooka. Umoyo wokhudzana ndi kugonana umafuna njira yabwino komanso yolemekezeka yogonana komanso kugonana, komanso mwayi wokhala ndi zosangalatsa zogonana, zosasunthika, chisankho ndi chiwawa. Kuti umoyo wa kugonana upeze ndi kusungidwa, ufulu wa kugonana wa anthu onse uyenera kulemekezedwa, kutetezedwa ndi kukwaniritsidwa. " (WHO, 2006a)

Dongosolo la mphotho yaubongo lidasinthika kutipititsa ku mphotho zachilengedwe monga chakudya, kulumikizana komanso kugonana kuti tithandizire kupulumuka. Masiku ano, ukadaulo wapanga mitundu yayikulu kwambiri yamalipiro achilengedwe monga zakudya zopanda pake, zoulutsira mawu komanso zolaula pa intaneti. Ubongo wathu sunasinthike kuti athane ndi kukokomeza komwe kwachitika. Sosaite ikukumana ndi mliri wamavuto azikhalidwe ndi zizolowezi zomwe zimawopseza thanzi lathu, chitukuko ndi chisangalalo.

Makampani opanga ma intaneti mabiliyoni ambiri, makamaka ogulitsa zolaula, amagwiritsa ntchito "njira zopangira zokopa" zopangidwa ku yunivesite ya Stanford zaka 20 zapitazo. Njira izi, zopangidwa ndi mapulogalamu ndi mawebusayiti, zidapangidwa kuti zisinthe malingaliro athu ndi machitidwe athu. Mapulogalamu monga Instagram, WhatsApp, TikTok, Facebook, ndi masamba monga Pornhub, YouTube ndi zina zonse amazigwiritsa ntchito. Amachokera ku sayansi yaukadaulo kwambiri, zama psychology komanso kafukufuku wamaukadaulo azachikhalidwe kuti athe kuwongolera zikhumbo zathu zopanda chidziwitso ndikulimbikitsa zikhumbo zopanda chidziwitso mu mphotho ya mphotho yaubongo zowonjezera. Ichi ndichifukwa chake Foundation Reward imaphunzitsa anthu za mphotho yaubongo. Mwanjira imeneyi ogwiritsa ntchito amatha kumvetsetsa komwe zikhumbo zawo zimachokera ndikukhala ndi mwayi wolimbana ndi chizolowezi chomwa mankhwalawa.

Kachitidwe ka kugonana kosokonezeka nthawi zambiri imachokera ku zinthu za 2: ubongo umene wawonongeka ndi kukhumudwa kwambiri ndi kupsinjika maganizo, komanso chifukwa cha kusadziŵa za momwe moyo ulili wabwino. Njira yogwiritsira ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo imakhudza ubongo, ntchito komanso kupanga chisankho. Izi zimakhala choncho makamaka kwa ana ndi achinyamata atangoyamba ulendo wopita ku chiwerewere. Ndiwo malo omwe ali pachiopsezo chachikulu kuti athe kukhala ndi mavuto a umoyo wa m'maganizo ndi zoledzeretsa.

Chiyembekezo chili pafupi. Lingaliro la 'neuroplasticity', kuthekera kwa ubongo kuti lizolowere chilengedwe, limatanthauza kuti ubongo ukhoza kudzichiritsa wokha tikachotsa chopanikizika. Timafotokozanso za kuopsa kwa thanzi lamaganizidwe ndi thupi, kupezedwa, zachiwawa komanso maubale komanso chidziwitso chazomwe zingatithandizire kupsinjika ndi kuzolowera komanso malipoti onena zaubwino wosiya zolaula. Palibe chidziwitso choyambirira cha sayansi chofunikira.

Chifukwa chiyani?

Zaka khumi ndi ziwiri zapitazo kubwera kwa burodibandi, kapena intaneti yothamanga kwambiri, amuna adayamba kulumikizana ndi mnzake waku America a Gary Wilson akufuna thandizo. Adathandizira pa tsamba lawebusayiti lomwe limafotokoza za sayansi yakugonana komanso zosokoneza bongo. Alendo, ambiri mwa iwo omwe adayamba kugwiritsa ntchito intaneti yapaintaneti, adafotokoza momwe adayambira kulephera kuwonera zolaula zawo pa intaneti ngakhale anali ndi ma DVD kapena magazini okonda zolaula. Zinali ndi vuto paubale wawo, ntchito kwawo komanso thanzi lawo. Zithunzi zolaula pa intaneti zinali zosiyana ndi Playboy ndi zina zotero.

Atafufuza mozama, Gary adakhazikitsa tsamba latsopano, www.yourbrainonporn.com, kuti apeze mwayi wopezeka paumboni wasayansi wofotokoza za chitukuko chatsopano komanso nkhani za anthu omwe adayesapo kusiya zolaula. Nkhani yake yophunzitsa komanso yoseketsa pamwambo woyamba wa Glasgow TEDx "Kuwona Zolaula Kwakukulu"Tsopano ali ndi maonekedwe a 13.7 miliyoni pa YouTube ndipo amasuliridwa mpaka pano, m'zinenero za 18. Mpaka pano, Zopangira za 54 zofufuza za ubongo atsimikizira zomwe Gary anapeza posachedwa. Kuyankhula kwa TEDx kwathandiza anthu masauzande ambiri kuzindikira kuti mavuto awo amisala komanso thanzi lawo komanso kukhumudwitsidwa ndi ubale wawo kumatha kukhala kokhudzana ndi chizolowezi chawo cholaula. Ogwiritsanso ntchito akuyamika pazinthu zaulere zobwezeretsa pa intaneti zomwe zatchulidwa pamenepo chifukwa chothandizidwa komanso kusadziwika. Anthu ena amafunikira chithandizo cha akatswiri azaumoyo kuwonjezera kuti achire komanso kukhala ndi thanzi labwino.

Tinkafuna kukhala gawo la yankho lavutoli. Kuti tichite izi, tinakhazikitsa bungwe lachifundo la The Reward Foundation ku 2014. Kuphatikiza ndi kafukufuku wathu komanso zida zambiri zophunzitsira, tikuyembekeza kuphunzitsa anthu onse komanso akatswiri za momwe kusunthira kwaulere, zolaula za pa intaneti zikupezeka pa tap maola 24 tsiku. Cholinga sikuti aletse zolaula koma kuti anthu adziwe zowona kuti apange chisankho 'chodziwitsa' momwe angagwiritsire ntchito ndi komwe angapeze thandizo pakafunika kutero. Opanga mfundo, makolo, aphunzitsi ndi akatswiri ena omwe akuchita ndi achinyamata ali ndi udindo wapadera wophunzirira za kuthekera kwake. 

Kodi timachita chiyani?

  • Webusaiti yaulere, nkhani zowonongeka ndi zolemba pa Twitter
  • Mapulani aulere amasukulu
  • Maupangiri aulere a Makolo Pakanema Paintaneti
  • Masewera ophunzitsira akatswiri ovomerezeka ndi Royal College of General Practitioners
  • Pulogalamu yogonana pogonana ndi maphunziro a ubale m'masukulu
  • Kampeni maboma padziko lonse lapansi kuti apange malamulo otsimikizira zaka zakubadwa zolaula

Ntchito zathu zonse zimachokera ku zinthu zatsopano zafukufuku wa sayansi komanso za sayansi. Koposa zonse timayesetsa kuzigwiritsa ntchito pothandiza, zosangalatsa kuti tiphunzire ndikulimbikitsidwa ndi madokotala komanso aphunzitsi padziko lonse lapansi. 
SIMAPEREKERA THUPI koma timachita opereka chithandizo.

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