Kugwiritsa ntchito vidiyo yapaintaneti mosadalirika

Zolaula zimawononga chilengedwe

Zolaula zimawononga chilengedwe. Padziko lonse lapansi pakuwonera zolaula za 0.2% ya mpweya uliwonse wobiriwira m'nyumba. Izi sizingamveke ngati zochuluka, koma izi ndi zofanana ndi mamiliyoni a 80 a kaboni dayokisi, kapena zochuluka monga momwe zimaperekedwa ndi mabanja onse ku France.

Mu Julayi 2019 gulu lotsogozedwa ndi a Maxime Efoui-Hess ku The Shift Project ku Paris adasindikiza ntchito yayikulu yoyamba kuyang'ana kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kwa kanema pa intaneti. Anafufuza mwatsatanetsatane zamagetsi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popereka makanema olaula kwa ogula. Reward Foundation idathandizira kubweretsa nkhani iyi kudziko mu Julayi 2019.

Ndiye kodi anapeza chiyani?

Makanema olaula opezeka pa intaneti amaimira 27% ya makanema apaintaneti, 16% ya kuchuluka kwa deta ndi 5% ya mpweya wonse wotulutsa wa Greenhouse chifukwa chaukadaulo wa digito.

Zolaula zimavulaza chilengedwe The Shift Project

Kuonera zolaula ndikofunikira, ndikuthandizira pakusintha kwanyengo. Tsopano titha kuganiza bwino za funsoli…. "Kodi kuonera zolaula ndi koyenera?"

Kanemayu akuwunika mwachidule yankho la The Shift Project… Vidiyo iyi, yomwe imatulutsa mpweya wowonjezera kutentha (pafupifupi magalamu ochepa a 10 a CO2 powonera), yapangidwira anthu onse. Cholinga chake ndikuwonetsa kukhudzidwa kwachilengedwe kwaukadaulo wa digito, pomwe sizowoneka tsiku ndi tsiku. Kanemayo akuwunikiranso zotsatira zakugwiritsa ntchito kwa digito pakusintha kwanyengo komanso kuchepa kwazinthu.

Zochitika: zolaula

Choyamba, tiyeni tiwone momwe The Shift idawonera chithunzi chachikulu.

Kuwona makanema pa intaneti kumaimira 60% ya kuchuluka kwa anthu padziko lonse lapansi. Nthawi ya 2018 idatulutsa kuposa 300 Mt wa CO2. Mwachitsanzo, chimenecho ndi mawonekedwe a kaboni ofanana ndi mpweya wapadziko lonse wa Spain.

zolaula 27%
Kugawidwa kwa chidziwitso pa intaneti kumayenda pakati pamagwiritsidwe osiyanasiyana mu 2018 padziko lapansi
(Source The Shift Project 2019)

Nkhani yokhudzana ndi zolaula zomwe anthu akuchita ndi chionetsero chachikulu cha mikangano yomwe imathetsa mkangano pazokhudza kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa mtundu wa anthu. Kutsutsana komwe kwakhala kopanda tanthauzo kwa omwe akhudzidwa nawo kwazaka zambiri, zolaula zakhala nkhani ya maphunziro angapo azikhalidwe kuti amvetsetse zotsatirapo zake. Kuchulukitsidwa kwa nsanja zatsopano zofalitsa zolaula (Gauthier, 2018), kwasinthitsa kumwa kwa zolaula kudzera pa smartphone iliyonse, kuphatikiza ndi ana ndi achinyamata, osavuta komanso aulere.

Malingaliro a akatswiri

Njira yathu inali yophatikiza malingaliro a akatswiri pazokhudza anthu omwe adazindikira pazosewerera zolaula pa intaneti. Mwachidziwikire, cholinga sikuti kunamizira kuwerengera m'ndime zochepa zovuta za zokambirana zomwe zimakhala zaka zingapo. M'malo mwake zimaphatikizapo kukhazikitsa mafunso omwe abwera ndikuwunika kwa kuzindikira kwa ntchito zosiyanasiyana kuti muwone ngati zolaula zikuvulaza chilengedwe.

Zowunikiridwa zomwe zatchulidwazi pano sizikhudzana ndi kupereka umboni wotsimikiza kuti mwina zoyipa zilipo kapena ayi. Komabe, amalola kusinkhasinkha njira zopangira zisankho zandale zomwe zimaganizira zoopsa zomwe zingachitike chifukwa cha tsankho.

Zomwe gulu lingakhudze pofalitsa ndi kulandira makanema olaula

Limodzi mwamavuto omwe atchulidwa zokhudzana ndi zotsatira za kuonera zolaula pazikhalidwe zazikhalidwe ndi zomwe zimachitika. Zochitika zikuwoneka kuti zikuwonjezera zachiwawa pazowonedwa. Izi zimabweretsa zotsatira zoyipa pakugonana ndi munthu payekha komanso malingaliro awo paubwenzi wakuthupi, kuphatikiza pa nthawi yodyedwa (Solano, 2018; Muracciole, 2019). Zodabwitsazi zimakhudzidwa ndikupezeka kwa mitundu yonse yazinthu zolaula - kuphatikizapo zachiwawa kwambiri - zomwe zimayendetsedwa ndi kuyambika kwa mapulatifomu odzipatulira pa intaneti (Gauthier, 2018).

Chizindikiro cha Shift Project
Kutsatsa pa intaneti

Mphamvu zomwe njira yofalitsira ya Tube ikuwonera pa makanema olaula zitha kukhala ndi vuto pagulu lathu. Zomwe zalembedwazi zimayikidwa pamaziko a makasitomala "olembedwa" kwa ogula (gawo la mawu ofunikira), kutengera mtundu womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito kugawa zikhalidwe zamtundu wa anthu wamba. Komabe, gawoli limatheka pokhapokha kuyimilira zomwe zili zokha ndipo mwakutero, chifukwa cha mawonekedwe azinthu zolaula, kudzera mu mawonekedwe a otchulidwa komanso zochitika zomwe zaperekedwa, popeza gulu lililonse liyenera kumangidwa molingana ndi zovuta zomwe zingadziwike. Ponena za kuyimira kofananira kwa anthu ndi maubwenzi a anthu, akatswiri pazomwe akunena akuti zimadzutsa funso lomwe limakhalapo pazinthu zolaula pakupanga zojambula zamtundu wa anthu ndikuwonetsa kusafanana pazomwe zikuyimira (Muracciole, 2019).

Kutumiza kwa kanema kumatanthauza zolaula zonse zimavulaza chilengedwe

Kuti tithokoze momwe anthu amagwirira ntchito makanema zolaula, ndikofunikira kuphatikiza mitundu yonse yazomwe tikuwonetsedwa, makamaka zomwe zimati ndizodzipereka komanso zina (zolaula zomwe zimati ndizachikazi, zimalimbikitsa kusiyanasiyana, zomwe sizikuwonetsa tsankho lililonse awiriwo, ndi zina). Funso lofufuza mozama zotsatira zopindulitsa za njira zina zomwe zimapezeka pamakinazi zimatsika kunja kwa lipoti ili pomwe kudziwa ngati zolaula zikuvulaza chilengedwe.

M'malo mwake, tikugogomezera kufunikira kwa chidwi chakuulutsa kwa ma vetsi pazosintha zoyeserera zamagetsi pazomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito: mavidiyo azomwe zimapangidwa ndi ma kanema ochezera pa intaneti ndi akulu mokwanira kulimbikitsa zochitika pakusintha kwa magwiritsidwe ntchito pamlingo waukulu. Ndikofunikira kumvetsetsa momwe gawo limapangidwira ndi kapangidwe ka mapulatifomu ndikuzindikira malo omwe mtundu wodziwika bwino - zofunikira zamakampani - zimapereka mwayi wazinthu zina zomwe zingatuluke (Vaton, 2018).

Zovuta zachitukuko pakupanga makanema olaula pa intaneti

Monga momwe makanema onse amagwiritsidwira ntchito, gawo lazopanga zomwe zilimo ndizolumikizidwa ndi zomwe zimafalitsa komanso kulandila. Mwachitsanzo, zomwe zapezeka pakusintha kwa zinthu zokhudzana ndi nkhanza zomwe zidawerengedwa zimakhudzanso kupanga zinthu. Kuwonjezeka kwa ziwawa za machitidwe omwe oonerera amawongolera kumabweretsa chiwawa chowonjezeka machitidwe pakuwombera mavidiyo ndi mafilimu. Funso lachiwawa lomwe limaloledwa m'machitidwe opanga awa potsatira dongosolo lamalamulo limadzutsidwa ndi omwe akutenga nawo mbali pamtsutsowu (Muracciole, 2019).

Mawonekedwe atsopanowa amalola kupanga ndi kugawana zomwe zili ndi anthu wamba m'nyumba zawo. Kutheka kwatsopano kumeneku kumatenga nawo gawo pazosiyanitsa maimidwe potuluka kunja kwazomwe makampani opanga zolaula adachita. Ndikofunikira kukayikira ngati kuthekera kwakubwezeretsedwanso kochokera kwa anthu wamba pazomwe zikuyimiridwa pamisika yomwe ikulamulidwa ndi magulu ogulitsa omwe alipo.

Kupanga kwa zolaula

Catherine Solano, wochita zachiwerewere, wawona "kwa zaka zingapo, kuti kwa amuna ambiri, kuseweretsa maliseche sikungafanane ndi zolaula" (Solano, 2018). Kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula ndikuwonetseratu makanema olaula pa intaneti ndiye kuti tsopano akugwirizana ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito kogwiritsa ntchito njira zodziwikiratu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ndalama zizigwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera. Masiku ano, kukula kwachuma pakuwonera makanema olaula pa intaneti kumamangidwa pamalumikizidwe azomwe zimachitika chifukwa chotsatsa m'gululi: mgwirizano wogwiritsa ntchito zolaula ndikugonana (Roussilhe, 2019).

Zoyambitsa

Kuwona thupi lamaliseche kumayambitsa kuyambiranso koyamba muubongo komwe kumadzutsa chidwi cholumikizidwa ndi kusintha kosinthika kwakubadwa kwakubala (Solano, 2018). Popeza tikudziwa kuti machitidwe athu ozindikira amakhala ndi tsankho, lotchedwa "trigger effect", lomwe limapangitsa kuti anthu asamaganizire bwino30 (Marcinkowski, 2019), titha kumvetsetsa kuti kugonana kwa anthu onse kumabweretsa zolaula m'njira zosiyanasiyana kukopa: kuwonetsedwa pazokhudzana ndi chiwerewere kwa anthu onse (kutsatsa, makanema, ndi zina zambiri), anthuwa amapezeka kuti amapempha mobwerezabwereza madera aubongo wawo olumikizidwa ndi chilakolako chakuthupi. Izi zithandizira kugwiritsa ntchito komwe munthu amapempha, kuphatikiza zolaula (Roussilhe, 2019) zomwe zimachitika mosakondera kudzera pamawayilesi otsatsira pa intaneti, zomwe zanenedwa.

Chifukwa chake, tikuwona, mobwerezabwereza, kuti izi zimamangidwa malinga ndi gawo lomwe silingathe kunyalanyazidwa: kapangidwe kazinthu zomwe zimapereka chidziwitso pamlingo wokulirapo zimatenga nawo gawo pazogwiritsira ntchito makanema olaula pa intaneti. Tsopano tili ndi njira yowonetsera kuti zolaula zimavulaza chilengedwe.

Zothandizira

Gauthier, UG (2018). L'ère du zolaula. Masewera a Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. N ° 100. Novembala 2018.

Marcinkowski, J. (2019, 20 mars). Caractérisation, zomangamanga ndi kuphatikiza zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi vidéo. (M. Efoui-Hess, Wofunsa mafunso)

Muracciole, M. (2019, 22 mars). La zolaula za anthu ogwiritsa ntchito vidéo en ligne. (M. Efoui-Hess, Wofunsa mafunso)

Chotsitsa, G. (2019). Caractérisation, zomangamanga ndi kuphatikiza zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi vidéo. (M. Efoui-Hess, Wofunsa mafunso)

Solano, C. (2018, Nov.). Malades du zolaula. L'ère du zolaula. Masewera a Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. n ° 100, masamba 90-93.

Vaton, M. (2018, Nov.). Entretien avec Ovidie. L'ère du zolaula. Masewera a Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. n ° 100, tsamba 76-79.

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