zolaula komanso zikhalidwe zoyipa zogonana

Malipoti atsopano a Boma ku UK pa Zolaula komanso Zolaula

yambani888 Nkhani zaposachedwa

Nkhani ya nkhanza kwa amayi ndi atsikana masiku ano ndi yayikulu kwambiri. Ziwerengero zankhanza zapabanja, zoperewera zakupha komanso zakupha zakugonana komanso kuzunzidwa pazakugonana zikukulirakulira modabwitsa, makamaka potseka. Ndemanga ziwiri zomwe zatulutsidwa posachedwa pamgwirizano wokhudzana ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zolaula komanso malingaliro oyipa okhudzana ndi kugonana kwa nthawi yoyamba adafunafuna malingaliro a omwe akutsogola omwe amalimbana ndi omwe amachitiridwa nkhanza ndi omwe amakuzunza. Ndemangazi zidapeza izi: kuti ambiri omwe amakhala patsogolo omwe amachita ndi omwe amachitidwapo zachipongwe adangotchula kuti zolaula ndizomwe zimakhudza mchitidwe wogonana pakati pa amayi ndi atsikana. Mafunsowo adachitika ndi ogwira ntchito kutsogolo m'magulu azachikhalidwe, chilungamo, komanso zamankhwala.

Komabe tiyenera kufunsa funso, ndichifukwa chiyani zidatenga boma la UK chaka kuchokera kumaliza malipoti awa mu February 2020 kuti asindikizidwe mu 2021? Zachidziwikire kuti sitinganene kuti Covid-19 ndi Brexit ndichinthu chilichonse. Kodi kusungidwa mobwerezabwereza kwa vuto la zolaula ndi maboma otsatizana aku UK ndikuwonetsa momwe azimayi ndi ana amatanthauza kwa iwo? Choyamba kutsimikizika kwa zaka zamalamulo azolaula kunakankhidwira muudzu wautali, tsopano kuchedwa kumeneku posindikiza malipoti awiri ofunikira.

Anaphonya Mwayi

Ngakhale malipotiwa ndi othandiza posonyeza zolaula monga chinthu china, zikuyimira mwayi kwa boma la UK kumvetsetsa chifukwa chake zolaula ndizomwe zimayambitsa mikhalidwe yoipa iyi. Izi ndichifukwa choti kuwunika kolemba komwe kunaperekedwa kunangotengera kafukufuku wamagulu azachikhalidwe okha. Kafukufuku wofunikira pakukhudzana ndi zolaula amapezeka m'mabuku okhudzana ndi zizolowezi komwe kulumikizana pakati pa kuchepa kwa magwiridwe antchito aubongo (komwe kumaphatikizapo kutha kumvera chisoni ena) ndikuwonjezeka kwachinyengo kumapezeka.

Ripoti loyamba

Ripoti loyamba, lokonzedwa ku Government Equalities Office, layamba Chiyanjano pakati pa zolaula chimagwiritsa ntchito malingaliro oyipa okhudzana ndi kugonana. Ndi chidule chothandiza cha kafukufuku wina m'munda.

"Cholinga cha lipotili ndikupereka umboni kuofesi ya Government Equalities Office (GEO) yokhudza ubale womwe umakhalapo pakati pa zolaula ndi mchitidwe wogonana wokhudza azimayi, malinga ndi omwe amagwira ntchito ndi anthu omwe awonetsa, kapena omwe ali pachiwopsezo chotenga kuwonetsa, khalidweli. Popeza kukhudzika kwa mutuwo kumapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kuphunzira mozama, lipotili likuyang'ana kwambiri pamawu a omwe akugwira ntchito kumunda kuti amvetsetse bwino nkhaniyi. Kuti izi zitheke, zoyankhulana za 20 zidachitika ndi ogwira ntchito kutsogolo m'magulu azachikhalidwe, chilungamo, ndi zamankhwala.

Chidule cha zotsatira zazikulu:
  • Ambiri mwa ogwira ntchito kutsogolo adangotchulapo zolaula kuti ndizomwe zimapangitsa kuti akazi ndi atsikana azichita zachiwerewere. Onse adavomereza izi ngati zomwe zidayambitsidwa pambuyo pake pazokambirana.
  • Ogwira ntchito kutsogolo anafotokoza zinthu zingapo zomwe zimathandizira pakuwononga kogonana kwa amayi ndi atsikana. Kuphatikizana kwa zinthu izi, kuphatikiza zolaula, kumathandizira kuti pakhale zochitika zabwino zothandiza khalidweli.

Cholinga cha lipotili chimayang'ana kwambiri pazochitika ndi malingaliro a ogwira ntchito kutsogolo, nthawi zambiri zimawonetsa zaka zambiri pantchito yawo yapano komanso / kapena m'malo osiyanasiyana pantchitoyo. Siziimira kuwonerera koyamba kapena malingaliro a anthu omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu, kapena azimayi omwe adachitiridwa zachipongwe. Tiyenera kudziwa kuti, chifukwa chakuti makasitomala omwe Frontline Workers amagwira nawo ntchito awonetsa kale zikhalidwe zoyipa zakugonana kwa amayi ndi atsikana, makasitomala omwe adakambiranawo sianthu wamba.

Ogwira ntchito angapo akutsogolo adalongosola momwe makasitomala awo adasangalalira ndi zolaula zomwe amadya pa intaneti zomwe zidapangitsa kuti zinthu ziziyenda bwino - makanema akuwonetsa kuzunzidwa kwakukulu kwa azimayi.

Zinthu zomwe zimakhudza mikhalidwe yakugonana

Zina mwazomwe zimafotokozedwa ndi omwe akutsogola monga zomwe zimathandizira pakukhala ndi zikhalidwe zoyipa zogonana kwa amayi ndi atsikana zitha kugawidwa m'magulu amunthu, pagulu komanso pagulu.

Pazinthu zomwe zidathandizira pamunthu payekha (monga chidwi chakugonana, kudzipatula, komanso zovuta zomwe zidakumana ndiubwana), zolaula zitha kupereka mwayi woti achite masewera olimbitsa thupi.

Pazinthu zothandizirana pagulu (monga machismo ndi machitidwe okhwima pakati pa amuna ndi akazi), zolaula zitha kupangitsa malo ogwiritsira ntchito 'malo otsekera' komanso zizindikiritso zazikulu zachitukuko.

Pazifukwa zomwe zimathandizira pamiyambo (monga zachiwerewere komanso kusowa maphunziro / zokambirana pazogonana zogonana), zolaula zitha kulimbikitsa ndikukhazikitsa machitidwe achiwerewere komanso achiwawa, ndikuwonetsa ndikupangitsa nkhani kukhala zovuta.

zikhalidwe zoyipa zogonana
Ripoti Lachiwiri

Lipoti lachiwiri ndi Chiyanjano pakati pa zolaula chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zikhalidwe zoyipa zakugonana ndi kuthana ndi malingaliro ndi machitidwe a amuna akulu. Izi zikuwoneka kuti ndizothandiza kwambiri pazolemba, popeza sizinafotokozedwe zambiri pankhani yokhudza zolaula zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazikhalidwe zachiwerewere kwa azimayi, malinga ndi iwo omwe amagwira ntchito ndi omwe awonetsa, kapena ali pachiwopsezo chowonetsa , khalidweli.

Kuwunikaku kunapeza umboni wokhudzana ndi ubale pakati pa kugwiritsira ntchito zolaula ndi malingaliro okhudzana ndi kugonana ndi machitidwe kwa akazi. Pomwe mawonekedwe ndi kulimba kwaubwenzi kumasiyanasiyana pakuphunzira, zomwe apezazi zimagwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo. Chiyanjano chachindunji sichingakhazikitsidwe pakati pa mitundu iwiriyi chifukwa izi zitha kufunikira kuti zikhale zovuta komanso zosafunikira (kukakamizidwa kuwona zolaula). Ubwenzi umalimba kwambiri pakugwiritsa ntchito zolaula zachiwawa makamaka. Zotsatira zikusonyeza kuti zolaula, komanso zinthu zina zingapo, zimathandizira kuti pakhale chiwerewere kwa akazi.

kuchuluka

Cholinga cha ndemangayi ndikugwiritsa ntchito zolaula mwalamulo komanso mwamalamulo, komabe zowopsa, malingaliro ndi machitidwe kwa akazi. Imayang'ana kwambiri pamalingaliro ndi machitidwe a amuna akulu. Umboni wofufuza kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula zosavomerezeka, kuphatikiza zolaula za ana, sizinaphatikizidwe.

Zotsatira

Kuchokera m'mabuku omwe adawerengedwa, malingaliro ndi machitidwe anayi ofunikira adapezeka pomwe pali umboni wokhudzana ndi ubale womwe ulipo pakati pa kugwiritsira ntchito zolaula ndi malingaliro owopsa ndi machitidwe kwa amayi ndi atsikana:

Kuwona akazi ngati zinthu zogonana

Kuwunikaku kunapeza umboni wa ubale wamphamvu pakati pa kugwiritsira ntchito media zomwe zimatsutsana ndi akazi (zomwe zimaphatikizapo zolaula) ndikuwona akazi ngati zinthu zogonana. Kuwona akazi ngati zinthu zogonana kunalinso kogwirizana ndi malingaliro owopsa kwa akazi; makamaka, malingaliro olimbikitsa nkhanza kwa amayi.

Kupanga ziyembekezo za amuna zakugonana

Mabuku owunikiridwa adawonetsa chidwi cha zolaula popereka chithunzi chamakhalidwe enieni ogonana. Izi zimachitika ngati amuna akuyembekeza kusewera zachiwawa komanso / kapena zolakwika zomwe zimawonetsedwa mu zolaula. Pali umboni woti kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula kumalumikizidwa ndi mwayi wofuna kuchita zachiwerewere zomwe zimawonetsedwa pa zolaula, komanso mwayi wokhala ndi akazi okhulupirira omwe akufuna kuchita izi.

Kuvomereza nkhanza zakugonana kwa amayi

Kuwunikaku kunapeza mgwirizano wabwino pakati pazogwiritsira ntchito zolaula komanso malingaliro othandizira nkhanza kwa amayi, ubalewu ndiwokwera kwambiri pazolaula.

Kuchita zachiwawa

Kuwunikaku kunapeza umboni woti pali mgwirizano pakati pa zolaula komanso kuthekera kochita zankhanza komanso zankhanza, ndikulumikizana kwamphamvu kwambiri ndi zolaula. Kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula zachiwawa komanso kuwonongedwa kale kwa makolo ndi omwe anali olosera zamtsogolo zoyipa zachiwerewere. Kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula zachiwawa komanso zonyozetsa zidapezekanso kuti zimalumikizidwa kwambiri ndikuchepetsa kufuna kudziteteza kuchitapo kanthu zachiwawa zogonana.

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