Kafukufuku Wofalitsidwa

Tsamba ili lazinthu zimapereka mndandanda wa mapepala akuluakulu ofufuza ndi mabuku omwe timatchula pa webusaitiyi. Mapepala ofufuzira onse amasindikizidwa mu makope owonedwa ndi anzawo, ndikuwapanga kukhala magwero odalirika a chidziwitso.

Mapepala amalembedwa motsatira zilembo ndi dzina la wolemba wotsogolera. Taphatikizanso zolemba zoyambirira kapena zidule za mapepala, komanso malingaliro amomwe mungapezere pepala lathunthu.

Ngati mukufuna thandizo lina kuti mupeze kufufuza, chonde onani chitsogozo chathu Kupeza Kafukufuku.

Ahn HM, Chung HJ ndi Kim SH. Kukonzekera kwa ubongo kumasewera ku Masewera a Masewera Pambuyo pa Zomwe Zimasangalatsa in Cyberpsychology, khalidwe ndi Social Networking, 2015 Aug; 18 (8): 474-9. onetsani: 10.1089 / cyber.2015.0185.

Kudalirika

Anthu omwe amasewera masewera a pa intaneti amawonetsa ubongo wokwanira kuti zikhazikike pazinthu zokhudzana ndi masewera. Kafukufukuyu adayesera kuyesa ngati zotsatirazi zowonjezera zomwe zimachitika mu osewerera masewera ndi zotsatira za kubwereza masewera a pafupipafupi mobwerezabwereza. Achinyamata achikulire omwe sakhala ndi mbiri yovina masewera a pa Intaneti analembedwanso, ndipo anauzidwa kusewera masewera a pa intaneti pa maola a 2 / tsiku kwa masiku asanu ndi awiri otsatizana. Magulu awiri olamulira ankagwiritsidwa ntchito: gulu la masewero, lomwe linkawona masewera a pakompyuta, komanso gulu losawonetsetsa, lomwe silinapezeke mwachangu. Onse omwe adagwira ntchitoyi adachita ntchito yogwiritsira ntchito masewera, masewero, ndi zovuta zapakati pajambuzi la ubongo, zisanayambe komanso zitatha. Gulu la masewerawa linasonyeza kuwonjezereka kwa masewera a masewerawa ku VLPFC. Mphamvu ya kuwonjezeka kwa VLPFC inali yogwirizana kwambiri ndi kuwonjezeka kwa chikhumbo chofuna masewerawo. Gulu la seweroli linasonyeza kuchulukitsidwa kwachulukidwe kowonongeka poyankha kuwonetsedwa kwa sewero muzomwe zikuchitika, posakhalitsa, komanso nthawi zina. Zotsatira zimasonyeza kuti kuwonetsa masewera a pa intaneti kapena masewera a pa TV kumapangitsa kuti zikhale zowonongeka ndi zochitika zomwe zimagwirizana ndi zomwe zimachitika. Zowona zamakono, komabe, zikuwoneka zosiyana malingana ndi mtundu wa ma TV. Kusintha kumadera onsewa kumapangitsa kuti pulogalamuyi ikhale yopindulitsa.

Chinthuchi chiri kuseri kwa paywall Pano. Onani Kodi ndingapeze bwanji kufufuza? kuti mudziwe zambiri zokhudza kupeza.

Baumeister RF ndi Tierney J. 2011 Kulimbika: Kuzindikiranso mphamvu zazikulu kwambiri zaumunthu Penguin Press. Bukuli lingagulidwe Pano.

Beyens I, Vandenbosch L ndi Sermermont S Achinyamata Okalamba Achikulire 'Kuwonetsa Zithunzi Zolaula za pa intaneti Maubwenzi mpaka kumapeto kwa Nthawi, Kufunafuna Kufuna, ndi Kuchita Maphunziro in The Journal of Early Adolescence, November 2015 vol. 35 no. 8 1045-1068. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Kafukufuku wasonyeza kuti achinyamata nthaŵi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito zolaula pa Intaneti. Maphunziro awiriwa akuwoneka kuti akuyesa kuyanjana ndi anyamata oyambirira (Mage = 14.10; N = 325) kuti: (a) akufotokozera momwe akuwonera zolaula pa intaneti poyang'ana maubwenzi ndi nthawi yowunikira komanso kufunafuna, ndipo (b) akufufuza zotsatira zomwe zingawathandize kuti awonetse zithunzi zolaula pa Intaneti pa maphunziro awo. Chitsanzo chotsatira chowonetseratu chimasonyeza kuti nthawi ndi nthawi zimatchulidwa kuti ziwonetseratu zolaula pa Intaneti. Anyamata omwe ali ndi msinkhu wamasewera komanso anyamata omwe ali ndi chilakolako chofuna kuonera zolaula pa Intaneti. Komanso, kugwiritsira ntchito zithunzi zolaula ku Intaneti kunachepetsa anyamata kuti apitirize maphunziro a 6 patapita miyezi. Kukambitsirana kukugogomezera zotsatira za njirayi yophatikizira kafukufuku wam'tsogolo pa intaneti.

Chinthuchi chiri kuseri kwa paywall Pano. Onani Kodi ndingapeze bwanji kufufuza?  kuti mudziwe zambiri zokhudza kupeza.

Mapulaneti AJ, Wosnitzer R, Scharrer E, Sun C, Liberman R Kugonjetsa ndi khalidwe la chiwerewere pogulitsa kwambiri mavidiyo olaula: zosinthidwa zomwe mukuwerenga in Chiwawa kwa Akazi. 2010 Oct; 16 (10): 1065-85. pitani: 10.1177 / 1077801210382866. (Thanzi)
Kudalirika

Kafukufuku wapanoyu akuwunika zomwe zili m'mavidiyo olaula, ndi zolinga zakukonzanso ziwonetsero zaukali, kunyoza, komanso machitidwe achiwerewere ndikuyerekeza zotsatira za kafukufukuyu ndi maphunziro am'mbuyomu owunikira. Zotsatira zikuwonetsa kuzunza kwazithunzi zolaula mwazolankhula komanso zakuthupi. Mwa zithunzi 304 zomwe zidawunikiridwa, 88.2% inali ndi nkhanza, makamaka kumenyedwa, kugundana, ndi kumenyedwa, pomwe 48.7% yazithunzi zinali ndi mawu achipongwe, makamaka kutchula mayina. Omwe amachitirako nkhanza nthawi zambiri amakhala amuna, pomwe owakakamiza anali akazi kwambiri. Zolinga nthawi zambiri zimawonetsa chisangalalo kapena sizimachita nawo zandale.

Chinthuchi chiri kuseri kwa paywall Pano. Onani Kodi ndingapeze bwanji kufufuza? kuti mudziwe zambiri zokhudza kupeza.

Cheng S, Ma J ndi Missari S Zotsatira za kugwiritsira ntchito pa intaneti pachibwenzi choyamba cha kugonana ndi kugonana ku Taiwan in International Sociology July 2014, vol. 29, ayi. 4, pp 324-347. pitani: 10.1177 / 0268580914538084. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Kugwiritsa ntchito intaneti ndi mawebusaiti a digito ndizofunikira kwambiri pa moyo wa achinyamata. Kafukufukuyu akuyang'ana zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa intaneti ku Taiwan pazochitika ziwiri zoyenera za chikhalidwe cha achinyamata: chibwenzi choyamba ndi kugonana. Pogwiritsira ntchito deta kuchokera ku Taiwan Youth Project (TYP), 2000-2009, zotsatira za kafukufuku wa mbiriyakale zimasonyeza kuti achinyamata omwe amagwiritsa ntchito intaneti pazinthu zophunzitsira amachepetsa chiwerengero cha kukhala ndi chibwenzi choyamba ndi kugonana paunyamata, pomwe akugwiritsa ntchito intaneti malo ochezera a pa Intaneti, maulendo ochezera pa intaneti, ndi kufufuza malo oonera zolaula kumawonjezera mitengo. Pali kusiyana kwa kusiyana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi pa zotsatira za zochitika za pa intaneti pa zochitika zakuya za achinyamata. Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito zogwiritsira ntchito zamagetsi zimasonyezanso kuti ntchito za pa Intaneti zimakhudzanso mwayi wachinyamata ngati akugonana musanayambe kukondana. Zomwe zimapezeka pazimenezi zafotokozedwa pamapeto.

Chinthuchi chiri kuseri kwa paywall Pano. Onani Kodi ndingapeze bwanji kufufuza?  kwa malingaliro amomwe mungafikire. ”> apa.

Dunkley, Victoria 2015 Bwezeretsani Ubongo Wwana Wanu: Dongosolo Lamasabata Anai Omaliza Kutha Kusintha, Kukweza Magiredi, ndi Kupititsa Patsogolo Maluso Aanthu Pobwezeretsa Zotsatira Za Nthawi Yamagetsi Ya Pakompyuta Paperback. New World Library ISBN-10: 1608682846

Makolo ochulukirachulukira amalimbana ndi ana omwe akuchita zinthu popanda chifukwa chomveka. Ambiri mwa anawa amapezeka ndi ADHD, bipolar, kapena matenda a autism spectrum. Iwo amatha kusokonezeka ndi zotsatira zosauka komanso zoyipa. Victoria Dunckley amagwira ntchito ndi ana ndi mabanja omwe alephera kuyankha chithandizo chammbuyomu ndipo wapanga pulogalamu yatsopano. Mu ntchito yake yokhala ndi ana oposa 500, achinyamata, ndi achikulire omwe amapezeka kuti ali ndi matenda opatsirana maganizo, peresenti ya 80 inasonyeza kusintha kwakukulu pa pulogalamu ya masabata anayi omwe akufotokozedwa pano. Zosakaniza zowonongeka, kuphatikizapo masewera a pakompyuta, laptops, mafoni a m'manja, ndi mapiritsi popititsa patsogolo kayendedwe kabwino ka mwana. Ngakhale kuti palibe wina m'dziko lovomerezeka lero lomwe angapewe kukakamiza zamagetsi, Dunckley akuwonetsa momwe omwe aliri pachiopsezo pakati pathu angathe ndipo ayenera kupulumutsidwa

Gouin JP, Carter S, Pournajafi-Nazarlooc H, Glaser R, Malarkey WB, Lovel TJ, Stowell J, ndi Kiecolt-Glaser JK Makhalidwe a Chikwati, Oxytocin, Vasopressin, ndi Wound Healing in Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2010 August; 35 (7): 1082-1090. onetsani: 10.1016 / j.psyneuen.2010.01.009. (Ubale)

Chidule

Maphunziro a zinyama aphatikizapo oxytocin ndi vasopressin mu chiyanjano, chikhalidwe cha anthu, komanso machiritso. Mwa anthu, oxytocin yokhazikika ndi maasopressin amadziwika ndi malingaliro a ubale, chikhalidwe chaukwati, ndi mayendedwe okhudza thupi. Kufufuza maubwenzi pakati pa khalidwe laukwati, oxytocin, vasopressin, ndi machiritso ovulaza, komanso kudziwa momwe anthu omwe ali ndi mapiritsi apamwamba kwambiri, a 37 amavomerezedwa kuti ayendere maola a 24 pa chipatala chofufuza zachipatala. Pambuyo pa maulendo ang'onoang'ono a matenda omwe anapangidwa pampando wawo, maanja adagwira nawo ntchito yothandizira pothandizira anthu. Malo osungirako malonda ankayang'aniridwa tsiku ndi tsiku pambuyo poyeretsa kuti ayang'ane liwiro lokonza bala. Zitsanzo za magazi zinasonkhanitsidwa kuti zifufuze za oxytocin, vasopressin, ndi cytokine. Miyeso yapamwamba ya oxytocin imayanjanitsidwa ndi makhalidwe abwino oyankhulana pakagwira ntchito yogwirizana. Kuwonjezera apo, anthu omwe ali pamtunda wapamwamba wotchedwa oxytocin quartile amachiritsidwa mofulumira kuposa omwe ali m'magulu otsika a oxytocin. Mankhwala apamwamba a vasopressin anali okhudzana ndi makhalidwe ochepa oyankhulana ndi chiwerengero chachikulu cha chifuwa cha necrosis. Komanso, amayi omwe ali kumtunda wa vasopressin quartile adachiza mabala oyesera mofulumira kuposa momwe zotsalirazo zatsalira. Deta imeneyi imatsimikizira ndi kuonjezera umboni wotsatizana womwe umakhudza oxytocin ndi vasopressin m'makhalidwe abwino ndi olakwika a maanja, komanso amapereka umboni wowonjezera wa gawo lawo mu zotsatira za thanzi labwino, machiritso a machiritso.

Papepala lonselo likhoza kupezeka kwaulere Pano.

Johnson PM ndi Kenny PJ Kugonjetsa-monga mphotho zopanda ntchito ndi kudya moyenera mu makoswe owonjezera: Udindo wa dopamine D2 receptors in Nature Neuroscience. 2010 May; 13 (5): 635-641. Idasindikizidwa pa intaneti 2010 Mar 28. onetsani: 10.1038 / nn.2519

Kudalirika

Tapeza kuti kukula kwa kunenepa kwambiri kunaphatikizana ndi kuphulika kwa ubongo wopitirirabe. Kusintha komweko kwa mphoto ya homeostasis yomwe imapangidwa ndi cocaine kapena heroin imaonedwa kuti ndi yovuta kwambiri pa kusintha kuchokera kuzinthu zachizoloŵezi mpaka kumalo osokoneza bongo. Momwemo, tinazindikira khalidwe lodyetsa ngati lopatsika koma losavuta, loyesa ngati chakudya chokoma chimene sichimagwirizanitsa ndi kusokoneza maganizo. Mankhwala a D2 receptors (D2 receptors) (D2R) anali oletsedwa mu makoswe olemera kwambiri, ofanana ndi malipoti apitalo omwe amamwa mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, kugwidwa kwa mpweya wa lentivirus wa DXNUMXR wophedwa mofulumizitsa kunabweretsera chitukuko cha kuwonongeka kwa mankhwala osokoneza bongo ndi kuyamba kwa chakudya chokakamiza kufunafuna makoswe ndi kupeza chakudya chokwanira kwambiri cha mafuta. Deta izi zikuwonetsa kuti kuwonjezeka kwa zakudya zopatsa thanzi zomwe zimachititsa kuti anthu azikhala osokoneza bongo-monga mapulogalamu okhudza ubongo m'mabungwe opindulitsa a ubongo ndipo amachititsa kuti anthu azidya zakudya zosayenera. Njira zowonongeka zowonongeka zimatha kuchepetsa kunenepa ndi kumwa mankhwala osokoneza bongo.

Nkhaniyi imapezeka kwaulere Pano.

Johnson ZV ndi Young LJ Njira zokhudzana ndi matenda a chiyanjano ndi anthu awiri omwe akugwirizana nawo mu Mthendayi Yamakono in Sciences makhalidwe. 2015 Jun; 3: 38-44. yani: 10.1016 / j.cobeha.2015.01.009. (Ubale)

Kudalirika

Mitundu yasintha miyambo yosiyanasiyana ya chikhalidwe cha anthu ndi njira zothandizira anthu kuti azitsatira zofuna zawo. Ngakhale kuti chiwerewere ndi njira yowonongeka kwambiri pamtunda wambiri, kusintha kosinthika kwa machitidwe okhwima azimayi omwe amachitira okhaokha amapezeka mobwerezabwereza mzere wosiyana. Khalidwe lachigololo limaganiziridwa kuti limaphunzitsidwa ndi mphamvu yokhudzana ndi matenda a ubongo kukhazikitsa ndi kusunga maubwenzi, kapena zibwenzi ziwiri, ndi mnzanu wokwatirana naye. Njira zodzikongoletsera za kugonana kwapakati paziwiri zafufuzidwa mozama kwambiri mu makina a Microtine, omwe amasonyeza mabungwe osiyanasiyana. Maphunzirowa awonetsa masolimbic dopamine njira, chikhalidwe cha m'magazi (oxytocin ndi vasopressin), ndi zina zotchedwa neural zimakhala zofunikira pakupanga, kusamalira, ndi kuwonetsera maunyolo awiri.

Pepala lonse likupezeka pa intaneti kwaulere Pano.

Kastbom, AA, Sydsjö G, Bladh M, Priebe G, ndi Svedin CG Kugonana pamaso pa zaka za 14 kumayambitsa thanzi laumphawi laumphaŵi komanso khalidwe loopsya m'moyo wamtsogolo in Acta Paediatrica, Volume 104, Magazini 1, tsamba 91-100, January 2015. DOI: 10.1111 / apa.12803. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Cholinga: Phunziroli linafufuzira za ubale pakati pa kugonana pamaso pa zaka za 14 ndi zaka za anthu, chikhalidwe cha chiwerewere, thanzi, chidziwitso cha kuzunza ana ndi khalidwe pa zaka 18.
Njira: Chitsanzo cha 3432 ku sukulu ya sekondale ku Sweden anamaliza kafukufuku wokhudzana ndi kugonana, thanzi ndi nkhanza ali ndi zaka za 18.
Zotsatira: Kumayambiriro kwa chiyambi kunayanjanitsidwa bwino ndi makhalidwe oopsa, monga chiwerengero cha zibwenzi, zochitika za kugonana kwachinsinsi ndi zam'mala, khalidwe labwino, monga kusuta fodya, kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo, kugwiritsa ntchito mowa, kuphwanya, kunama, kuthawa kunyumba. Atsikana omwe anali ndi chibwenzi choyambirira pa chiwerewere anali ndi chidziwitso chokwanira chogonana. Anyamata omwe ali ndi chilakolako chogonana choyamba, amakhala osiyana kwambiri, osadzidalira komanso odwala matenda aumphawi, pamodzi ndi chidziwitso cha kugwiriridwa, kugulitsa kugonana ndi kugwiriridwa. Mchitidwe wambiri wogwiritsa ntchito njira zowonongeka zisonyezera kuti zochita zambiri zachiwerewere ndi khalidwe labwino zimakhala zofunikira, koma zoyambirira za kugonana sizinapangitse chiopsezo cha matenda a maganizo, kudzichepetsa kapena kudzichepetsa kwa zaka 18.
Kutsiliza: Kuyamba kugonana koyambirira kunayanjanitsidwa ndi makhalidwe ovuta panthawi yachinyamata, ndipo chiopsezo ichi chimafuna chidwi kuchokera kwa makolo ndi othandizira zaumoyo.

Nkhani yonseyi ilipo Pano.

Ko CH, Liu TL, Wang PW, Chen CS, Yen CF ndi Yen JY Kuwonjezereka kwa kuvutika maganizo, chidani, ndi nkhawa pakati pa achinyamata: Achinyamata in Kusamalitsa Kwambiri Vuto 55, Magazini 6, masamba 1377-1384. Epub 2014 May 17. onetsani: 10.1016 / j.comppsych.2014.05.003. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

ZOKUTHANDIZANI: Achinyamata ambiri padziko lonse, kuledzera kwa intaneti kuli kofala ndipo nthawi zambiri kumakhala kosautsa, kudana, komanso nkhawa za achinyamata. Kafukufukuyu anafuna kuti awononge kuwonjezereka kwa kuvutika maganizo, kudana, ndi nkhawa pakati pa anthu panthawi yomwe amayamba kugwiritsa ntchito Intaneti kapena kuchotsa vutoli pa intaneti pakati pa achinyamata.
NJIRA: Kuphunzira kumeneku kunayambitsa achinyamata a 2,293 mu grade 7 kuti aone kupsinjika kwawo, chidani, nkhawa za anthu ndi intaneti. Kuyesedwa komweku kunabwerezedwa chaka chimodzi kenako. Gulu la anthu ogwira ntchito likufotokozedwa ngati nkhani zomwe zimasankhidwa ngati osagwiritsidwa ntchito mosamala m'zaka zoyambirirazo komanso ngati akuloledwa m'ndondomeko yachiwiri. Gulu lokhululukidwa limatanthauzidwa ngati nkhani zomwe zimasankhidwa kukhala oledzera muyeso yoyamba komanso ngati osagwiritsidwa ntchito mosamala.
ZOTHANDIZA: Gulu la anthu omwe adakhalapo ndi chiwerengerochi lawonetsa kuwonjezereka kwachisokonezo ndi chidani kuposa momwe anthu osagwiritsira ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo komanso zotsatirapo za kuvutika maganizo kunali kwakukulu pakati pa atsikana omwe ali achinyamata. Komanso, gulu lachikhululukiro liwonetsetsa kuchepa kwachisokonezo, chidani, ndi nkhaŵa za chikhalidwe kusiyana ndi gulu losagwiritsidwa ntchito moledzeretsa.
MFUNDO ZOFUNIKA KUCHITA: Kusokonezeka maganizo ndi kuzunzidwa koyipa kwambiri mu njira yobweretsera intaneti pakati pa achinyamata. Kupeweratu kusuta kwa intaneti kuyenera kuperekedwa kuti zisawononge zotsatira zake zoipa pa thanzi labwino. Kusokonezeka maganizo, chidani, ndi nkhawa za chikhalidwe zinachepa panthawi ya kukhululukira. Idawonetsa kuti zotsatira zowonongeka zingasinthidwe ngati chizoloŵezi cha intaneti chingathetsedwe m'kanthawi kochepa.

Chinthuchi chiri kuseri kwa paywall Pano. Onani Kodi ndingapeze bwanji kufufuza?  kuti mudziwe zambiri zokhudza kupeza.

Kühn, S ndi Gallinat J Maonekedwe a Ubongo ndi Kuyanjana Mogwirizana Ogwirizana Ndi Zithunzi Zolaula Ntchito: Ubongo pa Zithunzi in JAMA Psychiatry. 2014; 71(7):827-834. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.93.

Kudalirika

Kufunika: Popeza zithunzi zolaula zimawonekera pa intaneti, kupeza, kukwanitsa, ndi kudziwika kuti akudya zolaula zowonongeka zawonjezeka ndi kukopa anthu mamiliyoni ambiri ogwiritsa ntchito. Malingana ndi lingaliro lakuti zolaula zofanana zimakhala zofanana ndi khalidwe lofunafuna mphoto, khalidwe lofunafuna zachikhalidwe, ndi khalidwe loledzera, ife tinaganiza kusintha kwa kasitomala ka frontostriatal mumagwiritsa ntchito nthawi zambiri.
Cholinga: Kuti mudziwe ngati kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula kawirikawiri kumagwirizanitsidwa ndi intaneti ya frontostriatal.
Kukonzekera, Kukhazikitsa, ndi Otsatira Mu phunziro lomwe linapangidwa ku Max Planck Institute for Human Development ku Berlin, Germany, amuna akuluakulu a 64 omwe ali ndi thanzi labwino amaonetsa zolaula zambiri zowonetsera zolaula pa sabata. Kugwiritsa ntchito zithunzi zolaula kunkagwirizanitsidwa ndi maonekedwe a neural, kusintha kwa ntchito, komanso kugwirizana kwa ntchito.
Zotsatira Zikuluzikulu Zambirimbiri za ubongo zimayesedwa ndi morphometry ya voxel komanso kupuma kwazomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazomwe zinagwiritsidwa ntchito pazithunzi za 3-T zojambula zamagetsi.
Results Tapeza kulumikizana kwakukulu pakati pa maola olaula omwe amanenedwa sabata iliyonse komanso kuchuluka kwa imvi mu caudate yoyenera (P <.001, yokonzedwa poyerekeza kangapo) komanso ndi zochitika zogwira ntchito panthawi yogonana - kukonzanso paradigm kumanzere putamen ( P <.001). Kulumikizana kogwira ntchito kwa caudate woyenera kumanzere wakumaso koyambirira kwamakola kumalumikizidwa molakwika ndi maola ambiri ogwiritsa ntchito zolaula.
Zomwe Mumaganiza ndi Kufunika Kwambiri Kugwirizana kolakwika ndi kugwiritsira ntchito zolaula zolemba zolaula ndi mphamvu yoyenerera ya striatum (putaud), poyerekeza ndi kuchitapo kanthu, komanso kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwachitsulo kumbali ya kumanzere kumbali ya kumanzere kumatanthawuza kusintha kwa nthenda mapulasitiki chifukwa cha kukondweretsa kwakukulu kwa mphoto, pamodzi ndi kuchepetsa kutsetsereka kwa malo okonda mapiri. Mwinanso, zingakhale zovuta zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zithunzi zolaula zikhale zopindulitsa kwambiri.

Nkhaniyi ikupezeka kwaulere Pano.

Lambert NM, Negash S, Stillman TF, Olmstead SB, ndi Fincham FD Chikondi Chimene Sichikhalitsa: Kugwiritsa Ntchito Zithunzi Zolaula ndikudzipereka Kwambiri kwa Yemwe Mumacheza Naye in Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology: Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 410-438, 2012. yani: 10.1521 / jscp.2012.31.4.410. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Tinafufuza ngati zolaula zimakhudza chibwenzi, ndi kuyembekezera kuti kugwiritsira ntchito zithunzi zolaula kungafanane ndi kufooketsa kudzipereka pakati pa chibwenzi chachinyamata. Phunzirani 1 (n = 367) inapeza kuti kugwiritsira ntchito zithunzi zolaula kumagwirizana ndi kuchepetsa kudzipereka, ndipo Phunziro 2 (n = 34) linaphatikizapo izi pofufuza deta. Phunzirani anthu a 3 (n = 20) omwe anapatsidwa mwachangu kuti asiye kuona zolaula kapena ntchito yodziletsa. Anthu omwe adapitiliza kugwiritsira ntchito zolaula amaonetsa kudzipereka kwakukulu kuposa kulamulira anthu. Mu Phunziro 4 (n = 67), anthu omwe amawonetsa zolaula amakonda kukondana kwambiri ndi wokondedwa wawo pazokambirana pa intaneti. Phunzirani 5 (n = 240) idapeza kuti zolaula zogwiritsidwa ntchito ndizogwirizana kwambiri ndi kusakhulupirika ndipo gululi ndilopakatikati mwa kudzipereka. Zowonjezereka, zotsatira zotsatizana zinapezeka pogwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana kuphatikizapo magawo osiyana-siyana (Phunziro 1), kuyang'ana (Phunziro 2), kuyesera (Phunziro 3), ndi data (Studies 4 ndi 5).

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Levin ME, Lillis J ndi Hayes SC Kodi Zithunzi Zolaula Zili pa Intaneti Ndi Ziti Zomwe Zimayang'ana Pakati pa Amuna Amuna Amuna? Kupenda Ntchito Yodzichepetsa Yopewera Zochitika in Kugonana & Kukakamira: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention. Vuto 19, Magazini 3, 2012, masamba 168-180, DOI: 10.1080 / 10720162.2012.657150. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Kuonera zolaula pa Intaneti kuli kofala pakati pa amuna akuluakulu a ku koleji, koma sikudziwika ngati ndiwotani omwe amawoneka ngati ovuta. Njira imodzi yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuti iwonetsetse ngati kuyang'ana kuli kovuta ndikumapewa kupewa: kufunafuna kuchepetsa mawonekedwe, mafupipafupi, kapena kukhudzidwa kwa chikhalidwe cha zochitika payekha ngakhale pamene kuchita zimenezi kumayambitsa khalidwe. Kafukufuku wamakono akufufuza kuyanjana kwa zolaula pa intaneti ndi kupeŵa kwazomwe akukumana ndi mavuto osiyanasiyana a maganizo (kuvutika maganizo, nkhawa, nkhawa, chikhalidwe cha anthu, ndi mavuto okhudzana ndi kuwona) kudzera mufukufuku wa pa Intaneti omwe sanagwiritsidwe ntchito A 157 apamanja a koleji a koleji. Zotsatira zikuwonetsa kuti kuyang'ana kwafupipafupi kunali kofanana kwambiri ndi kusinthasintha kwa maganizo, kotero kuti kuyang'ana kwina kunakhudzana ndi mavuto aakulu. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, kupezeka kwapadera kumayesetsanso kugwirizana pakati pa kuyang'ana ndi zosiyana zamaganizo, monga kuwonetsa nkhawa ndi mavuto okhudzana ndi kuwona okha pakati pa anthu omwe ali ndi matenda okhudzidwa. Zotsatirazi zafotokozedwa pa nkhani ya kafukufuku wokhudzana ndi momwe anthu amapewa komanso njira zamankhwala zomwe zimayendera ndondomekoyi.

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Chikondi T, Laier C, Brand M, Hatch L ndi Hajela R Katswiri wa sayansi ya zithunzi zolaula pa intaneti: Kukonzanso ndi Kukonzanso in Sciences makhalidwe 2015, 5 (3), 388-433; lembani: 10.3390 / bXXUMUM. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Ambiri amadziwa kuti makhalidwe angapo omwe angakhudze mphoto yoyendayenda mu ubongo waumunthu amachititsa kuwonongeka kwa zizindikiro ndi zizindikiro zina za chizoloŵezi mwa anthu ena. Ponena za kuledzera kwa intaneti, kafukufuku wamaganizo amawathandiza kuganiza kuti njira zowonongeka ndi zofanana ndi zoledzera. Bungwe la American Psychiatric Association (APA) lazindikira khalidwe lofanana la intaneti, masewera a pa intaneti, ngati vuto lakumwa mankhwala omwe akufuna kuti apitirize kuphunzira, m'kukonzanso kwa 2013 kabuku lawo lozindikiritsa komanso lofufuza. Zochitika zina zokhudzana ndi intaneti, mwachitsanzo, zithunzi zolaula pa Intaneti, sizinaphimbidwe. Phunziroli, timapereka chidule cha mfundo zomwe zimayesedwa kuti zikhale zowonongeka ndikupereka ndemanga pazofufuza za sayansi pa intaneti ndi vuto la kusewera pa intaneti. Komanso, tinayang'ana zofalitsa za sayansi zamaganizo pa zolaula zolaula pa intaneti ndikugwiritsira ntchito zotsatira za mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Kuwongolera kumatsimikizira kuti kugonana kwa pa zolaula pa intaneti kumaphatikizana ndi chizoloŵezi choledzeretsa ndipo imagawana njira zofanana zofanana ndi zakumwa zoledzeretsa. Pamodzi ndi kafukufuku pa intaneti pa Intaneti ndi Masewera a Masewera a pa Intaneti tikuwona umboni wamphamvu wokhala ndi makhalidwe oipa pa Intaneti monga chizoloŵezi cha khalidwe. Kafukufuku wamtsogolo amayenera kuthetsa ngati pali kusiyana kosiyana pakati pa mankhwala ndi chizolowezi choledzera.

Chinthuchi chikupezeka kwaulere kwaulere Pano.

Luster SS, Nelson LJ, Poulsen FO, Willoughby BJ Maganizo Ogonana Achikulire Okhudzidwa ndi Okhudzidwa Kodi Kunyada N'kofunika? in Okalamba Achikulire. 2013 Sep 1; 1 (3): 185-95. (Kunyumba)

Kudalirika

Kafukufuku wambiri wasonyeza momwe manyazi amakhudzira anthu paunyamata ndi unyamata; Komabe, zochepa zimadziwika za zotsatira za manyazi zomwe zingakhalepo pakakula. Kafukufukuyu akufotokozera mmene manyazi angagwirizane ndi malingaliro ndi kugonana kwa amuna ndi akazi akuluakulu. Ophunzirawo anaphatikizapo ophunzira a 717 kuchokera ku maunivesite anayi ku United States, omwe anali azimayi (69%), European American (69%), osakwatirana (100%), ndi kukhala kunja kwa makolo awo (90%). Zotsatira zinkasonyeza kuti manyazi amagwirizana kwambiri ndi malingaliro ogonana (akuwonetsera maganizo okhudzidwa kwambiri) kwa amuna pomwe manyazi amakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi malingaliro a kugonana kwa amayi. Kunyada kunkagwirizana ndi khalidwe lokhalera la kugonana ndi maliseche komanso zolaula zimagwiritsa ntchito amuna. Kunyada kunagwirizananso ndi khalidwe lachiwerewere lachiwerewere (mgwirizano ndi wosagwirizana) komanso chiwerengero cha akazi ogonana nawo nthawi zonse. Zotsatira za zotsatirazi zikufotokozedwa.

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Maddox AM, Rhoades GK, Markman HJ Kuwona Zida Zogonana Pokha Pokha Kapena Pamodzi: Zogwirizana ndi Relationship Quality in Chidutswa Chogonana Behav. 2011 Apr; 40(2):441–8.

Kudalirika

Kafukufukuyu anafufuzanso mabungwe pakati pa kuyang'ana zinthu zolaula (SEM) ndi ubale wogwira ntchito mwachisawawa kwa anthu osakwatirana a 1291 mu chibwenzi. Amuna ambiri (76.8%) kuposa akazi (31.6%) adanena kuti ankawona SEM okha, koma pafupifupi theka la abambo ndi amai amawonetsa nthawi zina akuwona SEM ndi mnzawo (44.8%). Njira zoyankhulirana, kusintha kwa ubale, kudzipereka, kukhutira ndi kugonana, ndi kusakhulupirika zinayesedwa. Anthu omwe sanayambe awonapo SEM adanena kuti chikhalidwe chapamwamba pa chiyanjano chili chonse kuposa omwe anawona SEM okha. Anthu omwe anawona SEM okha ndi anzawo adalengeza kudzipatulira komanso kukweza kugonana kusiyana ndi omwe ankawona SEM okha. Kusiyana kokha pakati pa anthu omwe sanamvepo SEM ndi omwe amawawona okha ndi anzawo ndikuti iwo omwe sanawonepo anali ndi chiwerengero chochepa cha kusakhulupirika. Zotsatira za kafukufuku wamtsogolo m'derali komanso za mankhwala opatsirana pogonana ndi mankhwala ochiritsira akufotokozedwa.

Papepala lonselo likhoza kupezeka kwaulere Pano.

Negash S, Sheppard NV, Lambert NM ndi Fincham FD Kugulitsa Pambuyo Panthawi Zokondweretsa: Zithunzi Zolaula Kugwiritsa Ntchito ndi Kutaya Nthawi Yopatsa in Journal of Research Research, 2015 Aug 25: 1-12. [Epub patsogolo pa kusindikiza]. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Zithunzi zolaula pa intaneti ndimakampani opanga mabiliyoni ambiri omwe akupezeka mosavuta. Kuchotsera mochedwa kumaphatikizapo kutsika pamtengo waukulu, pambuyo pake kulandira mphotho zazing'ono, zomwe zingachitike mwachangu. Kukhazikika kwanthawi zonse komanso kutsogola kwa zoyipa zakugonana monga mphotho zamphamvu zachilengedwe zimapangitsa kuti zolaula za pa intaneti zikhale zoyambitsa mphotho muubongo, potero zimakhala ndi tanthauzo pakupanga zisankho. Kutengera maphunziro a chiphunzitso cha psychology ndi neuroeconomics, kafukufuku awiri adayesa lingaliro loti kuwonera zolaula pa intaneti kumakhudzana ndi kuchuluka kwakuchedwa kuchotsera. Phunziro 1 linagwiritsa ntchito mapangidwe ataliatali. Ophunzira adamaliza zolaula amagwiritsa ntchito mafunso komanso ntchito yochedwetsa ku Time 1 kenako patatha milungu inayi. Ophunzira omwe akuwonetsa zolaula zolaula zoyambirira adawonetsa kuchepa kwachangu pa Time 2, kuwongolera kuchotsera koyambirira. Phunziro 2 linayesedwa chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake koyesera. Ophunzira adasankhidwa mwachisawawa kuti asadye zakudya zomwe amakonda kapena zolaula kwa milungu itatu. Ophunzira omwe adapewa kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula adawonetsa kuchotsera kwakanthawi pang'ono kuposa omwe amatenga chakudya chomwe amakonda. Zomwe apezazi zikusonyeza kuti zolaula pa intaneti ndi mphotho yakugonana yomwe imathandizira kuchedwetsa kuchotsera mosiyana ndi mphotho zina zachilengedwe. Zomwe ophunzira amaphunzira zimafotokozedwa.

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Ng JYS, Wong ML, Chan RKW, Sen P, Chio MTW, ndi Koh D Kusiyana kwa kusiyana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi pazochitika zokhudzana ndi kugonana pakati pa maubwenzi otha msinkhu in Singapore ku AIDS Maphunziro ndi Kupewa, 2015, Vol. 27, Ayi. 4, pp. 373-385. onetsani: 10.1521 / aeap.2015.27.4.373. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Pogwiritsa ntchito kufufuza, tinafufuza kusiyana kwa kusiyana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi ndi zochitika zogonana ndi abambo pakati pa achinyamata omwe amapita kuchipatala chokhalitsa ku Singapore. Deta inasonkhanitsidwa kuchokera kwa achinyamata a 1035 omwe ali ndi zaka 14 mpaka 19 ndipo amawerengedwa pogwiritsa ntchito chikhalidwe cha Poisson. Kukula kwa kugonana kwapachiyambi kunali 28%, ndipo ali ndi akazi oposa (32%) kuposa amuna (23%) omwe anayamba kuchita nawo. Kufufuza kwa multivariate, zomwe zimagwirizanitsa ndi kugonana kwa amuna ndi akazi onse ndi kugonana kwa m'kamwa komanso kusagwiritsira ntchito njira zoberekera pogonana nthawi yogonana. Kwa amuna, kugonana kwapakati kunkagwirizana ndi zaka zazing'ono za kugonana komanso zowonongeka kwapadera. Pakati pa akazi, adagwirizanitsidwa ndi anthu apamwamba kwambiri opanduka komanso kusowa chidaliro choletsa kukakamizidwa ndi anzawo kuti agone nawo. Kugwiritsira ntchito kondomu yogonana kwa abambo anali 22% ndi 8% kwa amuna ndi akazi, motero. Mapulogalamu oteteza matenda opatsirana pogonana kwa achinyamata ayenera kuthana ndi kugonana kwa abambo, kukhala azimayi, komanso kuganizira makhalidwe omwe ali nawo.

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Peters ST, Bowen MT, Bohrer K, McGregor IS ndi Neumann ID Oxytocin amaletsa mowa wa ethanol ndi ethanol-inachititsa dopamine kumasulidwa mu nucleus accumbens in Kusokoneza Bongo. Nkhani yoyamba kufalitsidwa pa intaneti: 25 January 2016, DOI: 10.1111 / adb.12362. (Ubale)

Kudalirika

Mowa (EtOH) ndi imodzi mwa mankhwala osokoneza bongo omwe amachitira nkhanza kwambiri ndipo mosakayikira ndi yoopsa kwambiri. Komabe, njira zamakono zothandizira kumwa mowa zogwiritsira ntchito mowa zambiri zimakhala ndi zochepa zochepa komanso zimakhala zosavuta kumudzi. M'nkhaniyi, neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) yakhala njira yodalirika yothandizira odwala matenda osiyanasiyana, kuphatikizapo uchidakwa. Kugwiritsa ntchito OXT pochepetsa kuchepetsa ndi kukhumba zinthu zambiri zingathe kukhala ndi mphamvu zothetsera mankhwala okhudzana ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo m'masolambic dopamine njira. Komabe, zotsatira za OXT pa zochitika za EtOH panjirayi siziyenera kuzifufuzidwa. Pano, tikuwonetsa kuti pachimake intracerebroventricular (icv) kulowetsedwa kwa OXT (1 μg / 5 μl) kutetezedwa mwadzidzidzi EtOH (20 peresenti) kudziteteza pokhapokha atatha kupeza nthawi yochepa ya EtOH kwa masiku 59 (magawo a 28 akumwa) mu mankhono a Wistar. Kenaka, tinasonyeza kuti injection ya intraperitoneal (ip) ya EtOH (1.5 g / kg, 15 peresenti w / v) inakula kuchulukitsidwa kwa dopamine mkati mwa nthiti zomwe zimapezeka m'madzi a EtOH-naive ndi makoswe omwe analandira 10 tsiku ip injections ya EtOH . Icv OXT kwathunthu inatsekedwa ndi EtOH-inachititsa kuti dopamine amasulidwe mu EtOH-naive komanso nthawi zambiri amphaka. Kuthamangitsidwa kwa EtOH-kunachititsa kuti dopamine kumasulidwe ndi OXT kungathandize kufotokozera kuchepa kwa EtOH kudziyang'anira bwino komwekukutsatiridwa ndi zotsatira za OXT kulowetsedwa.

Onani pepala lonse Pano. Chinthuchi chikhoza kukhala kumbuyo kwa paywall. Onani Kodi ndingapeze bwanji kufufuza?  kuti mudziwe zambiri zokhudza kupeza.

Pizzol, D., Bertoldo, A., & Pamaso, C. Achinyamata ndi zithunzi zolaula: nthawi yatsopano yogonana in International Journal of Adolescent Medicine ndi Health Aug 7 2015. pii: /j/ijamh.ahead-of-print/ijamh-2015-0003/ijamh-2015-0003.xml. yani: 10.1515 / ijamh-2015-0003. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

ZOKUTHANDIZANI: Zithunzi zolaula zingakhudze moyo wa achinyamata, makamaka pokhudzana ndi kugonana kwawo komanso zolaula, ndipo zingakhudzidwe kwambiri ndi khalidwe lawo logonana.
ZOKHUDZA: Cholinga cha phunziroli chinali kumvetsetsa ndi kusanthula mafupipafupi, nthawi yaitali, ndi kulingalira kwa kugwiritsira ntchito zithunzi zolaula kwa achinyamata a ku Italy omwe amapita kusekondale.
ZIPANGIZO NDI NJIRA: Ophunzira onse 1,565 omwe adamaliza chaka chomaliza cha sekondale adachita nawo kafukufukuyu, ndipo 1,492 avomera kudzaza kafukufuku wosadziwika. Mafunso omwe akuyimira zomwe zili mu phunziroli anali: 1) Kodi mumafikira pa intaneti kangati? 2) Kodi mumalumikizidwa nthawi yayitali bwanji? 3) Kodi mumalumikizana ndi malo zolaula? 4) Kodi mumakonda kuwona zolaula? 5) mumawononga nthawi yayitali bwanji pazinthuzo? 6) Kodi mumachita maliseche kangati? ndi 7) Kodi mumaona bwanji kupezeka kwa malowa? Kusanthula kwa Statist kunachitika ndi mayeso a Fischer.
ZOKHUDZA: Achinyamata onse, pafupifupi tsiku ndi tsiku, amakhala ndi intaneti. Pakati pa omwe adafufuzidwa, 1,163 (77.9%) omwe amagwiritsa ntchito intaneti amavomereza kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula, ndipo ena, 93 (8%) malo oonera zolaula tsiku ndi tsiku, anyamata a 686 (59%) omwe akupeza malowa amadziwa kuti zolaula zimakhala zosavuta nthawi zonse Zosangalatsa, 255 (21.9%) zimafotokoza kuti ndizozoloŵera, 116 (10%) imanena kuti imachepetsa chidwi cha kugonana kwa enieni enieni, ndipo otsala a 106 (9.1%) amawauza kuti ali ndi chizoloŵezi choledzera. Kuonjezerapo, 19% ya ogulitsa zithunzi zolaula amanena kuti sakugonana, komabe chiwerengero chinakwera ku 25.1% pakati pa ogula nthawi zonse.
MALANGIZO: Ndikofunika kuphunzitsa ogwiritsa ntchito intaneti, makamaka achinyamata ogwiritsa ntchito, kugwiritsa ntchito Intaneti moyenera komanso moyenera. Kuwonjezera apo, ntchito zophunzitsa anthu zapadera ziyenera kuwonjezeka pa chiwerengero komanso nthawi zambiri kuti zithandize kumvetsetsa za kugonana kwa pa Intaneti ndi achinyamata komanso makolo.

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Postman N ndi Postman A (Kuyamba) Kudzisokoneza tokha ku Imfa: Kukambitsirana Pagulu mu Nthawi Yowonetsa Bwere Paperback, Edition 20th Yopatsa Chikumbutso, masamba 208 2005 ndi Penguin Books (yoyamba yosindikizidwa 1985). ISBN 014303653X (ISBN13: 9780143036531) (Yatsamira)

Pofalitsidwa koyambirira mu 1985, Neil Postman akudandaula za zotsatira zowonongeka kwa televizioni pa ndale zathu ndi nkhani ya onse akuyamikiridwa ngati buku lazaka zana la makumi awiri ndi limodzi lofalitsidwa m'zaka za makumi awiri. Tsopano, ndi televizioni yokhala ndi zowonjezera zamagetsi zowonjezera-kuchokera pa intaneti kupita ku mafoni a m'manja ku DVD-zakhala zofunikira kwambiri. Kudzisokoneza Kwathu ku Imfa ndikutanthauzira kwaulosi zomwe zimachitika pamene ndale, zolemba, maphunziro, komanso ngakhale zipembedzo zimagonjetsedwa ndi zosowa za zosangalatsa. Ndilo ndondomeko yowonjezeretsa kulamulira kwa ma TV, kuti athe kukwaniritsa zolinga zathu zabwino.

Pratt R. ndi Fernandes C Mmene Zithunzi Zolaula Zingapangitsire Kuyeza Kuopsa kwa Ana ndi Achinyamata Amene Amavulaza Amuna Kapena Akazi in Ana Australia, Volume 40 Nkhani 03, September 2015, pp 232-241. DOI: 10.1017 / cha.2015.28. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Kwa zaka makumi atatu zapitazi, "kuvomerezedwa" kwa achinyamata omwe amachita zachiwerewere ndikuwathandiza kuti zachiwerewere ndizochulukirapo, ndizomwe zimakhazikika kwambiri pamakhalidwe achichepere, zomwe zingakule kuchokera kuzinthu zazing'ono mpaka zoyipa zazikulu, zosokoneza. Timaganiza kuti achinyamata omwe amachita zachiwerewere atha kukhala kuti sanathenso kuvulaza zomwe zikuyambitsa, pomwe timafuna kuchita zolakwa zazikulu kuti tikwaniritse zomwe tidachita poyamba. Malingaliro awa akuwonetsa ubale womwe ungayambitse pakati pa nthawi yogonana; kuuma kwamakhalidwe ndi kutalika kwa chithandizo chofunikira kuti muthane ndi vutolo.
Kodi kugwiritsira ntchito zolaula kungakhudze bwanji kuwonetsa ndi kuchiza achinyamata omwe amavulaza? Kodi pali chiyanjano pakati pa kuuma ndi kukakamizidwa kwa zochitika zogonana, kapena kuyang'ana zolaula ndikukhazikitsanso zomwe zawonedwa zasintha mgwirizanowu? Nkhaniyi ikufufuza mitu yambiri ndi mafunso.

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Reid RC, Davtian M, Lenartowicz A, Torrevillas RM, Fong TW Zolingalira pa kufufuza ndi chithandizo cha ADDD wamkulu mwa amuna omwe amagonana ndi amuna anzawo in Neuropsychiatry. 2013 Jun 1; 3 (3): 295-308. (Kunyumba)

Kudalirika

Nkhaniyi ikuwonetsa kafukufuku watsopano wa ADHD wamkulu ndi khalidwe la hypersexual. Pogwiritsa ntchito zochitika kuchokera m'madera a psychology ndi neuroscience, pali mfundo zingapo zomwe zimaperekedwa pofuna kufotokoza chifukwa chake anthu omwe ali ndi ADHD akhoza kukhala pachiopsezo chochita chiwerewere. Njira zowunikira zimaperekedwa kuti zithandize odwala kuti azidziwikitsa zomwe zimachitika pachiwerewere kuchokera kwa akulu akulu. Potsirizira pake, malangizi amapangidwa kuti azitsata ADDD akuluakulu odwala matenda opatsirana pogonana.

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Shayer, M., Ginsburg, D. ndi Coe, R, Zaka makumi atatu pa - zotsatira zazikulu zotsutsana ndi Flynn? Chiyeso cha Piagetian Volume & Heaviness norms 1975-2003. Briteni Journal ya Psychology Yophunzitsa, 2007, 77: 25-41. onetsani: 10.1348 / 000709906X96987

Kudalirika

Chiyambi. Volume & Heaviness inali imodzi mwamayeso atatu a Piagetian omwe adagwiritsidwa ntchito pakafukufuku wa CSMS mu 1975/76. Komabe mosiyana ndi mayeso a psychometric omwe akuwonetsa zotsatira za Flynn - ndiko kuti ophunzira akuwonetsa kusintha kosasintha chaka ndi chaka kufuna kuti mayesedwe aperekedwe - zikuwoneka kuti magwiridwe antchito a ophunzira a Y7 posachedwa akukulirakulira.
Zolinga. Chitsanzo cha sukulu mokwanira ndipo oimira anasankhidwa kotero kuti lingaliro la kuwonjezeka kwa ntchito likhoza kuyesedwa, ndipo likuyesedwa mofanana.
Zitsanzo. Magulu makumi asanu ndi limodzi mphambu asanu ndi anayi mphambu asanu ndi anayi a Y7 omwe ali ndi chidziwitso cha ophunzira pamayeso a Volume & Heaviness komanso mayeso a University of Durham CEM Center MidYIS anali kupereka zitsanzo za ophunzira 10, 023 omwe adalemba zaka 2000 mpaka 2003.
Njira. Kuponderezedwa kwa sukulu ya ophunzira kumatanthauza pa Volume & Heaviness pamasukulu 'kumatanthauza kuchuluka kwa MidYIS 1999, ndikuwerengera kukonzanso ku MidYS = 100 kumalola kufananiza ndi komwe kunapezeka mu 1976.
Zotsatira. Zomwe zikutanthauza kuti kuyambira 1976 mpaka 2003 anali anyamata = 1.13 ndi atsikana = milingo ya 0.6. Kusiyanitsa kwakusiyana kwa 0.50 mokomera anyamata mu 1976 kunali kutasowa kwathunthu pofika chaka cha 2002. Pakati pa 1976 ndi 2003 kukula kwakuchepa kwa magwiridwe antchito a anyamata kunali 1.04 zolakwika zofananira, ndipo kwa atsikana zinali zolakwika 0.55.
Kutsiliza. Lingaliro lakuti ana omwe amapita kusukulu ya pulayimale akukhala ozindikira komanso odziwa bwino - kaya amawoneka ngati zotsatira za Flynn, kapena potsata ziwerengero za boma pa ntchito ku Key Stage 2 SATS mu masamu ndi sayansi - akufunsidwa ndi zotsatirazi.

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Singleton O, Hölzel BK, Vangel M, Brach N, Carmody J ndi Lazar SW. Kusintha mu Gulu la Brainstem Kulimbana Kwambiri Kulimbana ndi Kulingalira Kumagwirizanitsa ndi Kupititsa patsogolo Makhalidwe Abwino in Malire a Mankhwala Okhudza Mtima, 2014 Feb 18; 8: 33. onetsani: 10.3389 / fnhum.2014.00033. (Kusiya Porn)

Kudalirika

Anthu amatha kusintha malingaliro awo aumoyo (PWB) pogwiritsa ntchito njira zokhudzana ndi maganizo, kuphatikizapo kusinkhasinkha mwalingaliro, komwe kumatanthawuza kukhala kuzindikira kosadziwika kwa zomwe zilipo pakali pano. Posachedwapa tawonetsa kuti vuto la kuchepetsa kupanikizika kwa masabata a 8 (MBSR) limapangitsa kuwonjezeka kwa imvi m'maganizo angapo m'magulu angapo a ubongo, monga momwe amachitira ndi ma voxel-based morphometry ya maginito kukonzekera kupeza mwamsanga MRI scans, kuphatikizapo pons / raphe / locus coeruleus m'dera la ubongo. Chifukwa cha udindo wa pons ndi kugwirizanitsa maganizo ndi kudzutsa, tinaganiza kuti kusintha kumeneku kungapangitse kusintha kwabwino. Chigawo cha 14 anthu wathanzi kuchokera ku deta yomwe yatulutsidwa kale yomwe inamaliza kukwaniritsa ma MRI ndikudzaza PWB kuwerengera musanayambe ndikutsatila MBSR. Kusintha kwa PWB kunkagwiritsidwa ntchito monga kusinthira koyambirira kwa kusintha kwa imvi m'magulu awo a ubongo omwe poyamba asonyeza kusintha kwa MBSR. Zotsatira zinawonetsa kuti masewera asanu pa PWB akuphatikizidwa komanso PWB chiwerengero chonse chawonjezeka kwambiri pa maphunziro a MBSR. Kusintha kunali kovomerezeka bwino ndi mutu wa imvi. Kusamalirana kumawonjezeka m'magulu awiri ofanana. Masango amenewo amawoneka kuti ali ndi dera la pontine tegmentum, locus coeruleus, nucleus raphe pontis, ndi phokoso la trigeminal. Palibe masango otsutsana ndi kusintha kwa PWB. Kuphunzira koyambiriraku kumaphatikizapo neural correlate ya PWB yowonjezereka. Makhalidwe a ubongo omwe amadziwikawa ndi malo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi ndi kumasulidwa kwa ma neurotransmitters, norepinephrine ndi serotonin, zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi kukondweretsa komanso kukondweretsa, ndipo zakhala zikugwirizana ndi ntchito zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimagwira ntchito komanso matenda opatsirana.

Nkhani yonseyi ilipo Pano.

Stewart DN, Szymanski DM Mauthenga Amayi Akazi Achikulire Okhudza Zithunzi Zolaula za Amuna Awo Achikazi Amagwiritsira ntchito monga Correlate ya Kudzikonda Kwake, Ubale Wawo, ndi Kukondana Kwagwirizano in Ntchito Zogonana. 2012 May 6; 67 (5-6): 257-71. (Kunyumba)

Kudalirika

Zithunzi zolaula ndizofala m'zinthu zambiri padziko lonse, kuphatikizapo chikhalidwe cha United States; Komabe, zochepa zimadziwika za zotsatira za maganizo komanso zachibale zomwe zingakhalepo pa atsikana achikulire omwe ali ndi zibwenzi zogonana amuna kapena akazi omwe amaonera zolaula. Cholinga cha phunziroli chinali kufufuza maubwenzi pakati pa zolaula za amuna, kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi zambiri komanso kugwiritsa ntchito zovuta, pa umoyo wawo wamwamuna ndi mkazi wake wamwamuna ndi mkazi wake wamkulu pakati pa a 308 achinyamata a koleji akuluakulu. Kuwonjezera apo, katundu wa psychometric kwa Zithunzi Zogonana Zogwirizana Zagwiritsirani ntchito Mpata waperekedwa. Ophunzira adatumizidwa ku yunivesite yaikulu ya ku South America ku United States ndipo anamaliza kufufuza pa intaneti. Zotsatira zinawulula kuti amayi akuwonetsa kuti zolaula zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza zogwirizana ndi chikhalidwe chawo. Maganizo ambiri okhudza kusagwiritsa ntchito zolaula amatsutsana kwambiri ndi kudzidalira, khalidwe la ubale, ndi kukhutira ndi kugonana. Kuonjezera apo, kudzidalira kumatsutsana padera pakati pa malingaliro a zolaula omwe amagonana nawo amagwiritsa ntchito ndi ubale wabwino. Chotsatira, zotsatira zawonetsera kuti ubale wautali umatsimikiziranso kugwirizana pakati pa malingaliro okhudzana ndi zolaula omwe amagonana nawo amagwiritsidwa ntchito komanso kukhutira ndi kugonana, ndipo kusakhutira kwakukulu kumakhudzana ndi kutalika kwa ubale.

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Sun C, Milatho A, Johnason J ndi Ezzell M Zithunzi zolaula ndi zolemba za amuna ndi akazi: Kukambirana za kugonana ndi kugonana in Zilembedwa Zotsatira Zogonana Poyamba pa intaneti: 03 December 2014, pp 1-12. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Zithunzi zolaula zakhala zikuluzikulu zogonana. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, zolaula zolimbitsa malonda zakhala zikuphatikizapo zolemba zokhudzana ndi chiwawa ndi kuwonongeka kwa akazi. Komabe, ntchito yaying'ono yakhala ikuyang'anitsitsa kusonkhana pakati pa zolaula ndi kugonana kwachipongwe: Kodi zolaula zimagwira ntchito yotani pakati pa mchitidwe wogonana pakati pa mwamuna ndi mkazi? Lingaliro lalingaliro lachidziwitso limafotokoza zolemba zolemba zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale ndondomeko yoyenera yopezeka popanga chisankho. Pamene wogwiritsa ntchito mauthenga ambiri akuyang'ana malemba ena, mauthenga omwe amatsatira kwambiri amakhala owonetsera komanso amakhala oyenera kugwiritsa ntchito malembawa kuti agwire ntchito zenizeni. Timatsutsana ndi zolaula zimapanga zolemba za kugonana zomwe zimatsogolera zokhudzana ndi kugonana. Poyesa izi, tafufuza a 487 amuna a koleji (zaka zaka 18-29) ku United States kuti ayerekezere kuchuluka kwawo kwa zolaula zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zokonda za kugonana ndi zodetsa nkhaŵa. Zotsatira zinawonetsa kuti zithunzi zolaula zomwe mwamuna amaziyang'ana, ndizofunika kuti azigwiritsa ntchito panthawi yogonana, pemphani zolaula zogonana zogonana naye, mwadala mwadzidzidzi kujambula zithunzi zolaula panthawi yogonana kuti akhalebe wokondwa, ndikukhala ndi nkhawa pazochita zogonana ndi thupi lake chithunzi. Komanso, zithunzi zolaula zikugwiritsidwa ntchito molakwika ndi kusangalala ndi khalidwe logonana ndi mnzanu. Timaganiza kuti zolaula zimapereka chitsanzo champhamvu chokhudzana ndi zochitika za amuna zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi zomwe amuna amayembekeza komanso makhalidwe awo pa nthawi yogonana.

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Sun C, Miezan E, Lee NY ndi Shim JW Zithunzi zolaula za Amuna a ku Korea zimagwiritsa ntchito, Chidwi chawo pa zolaula zoopsa kwambiri, ndi kugonana kwa Dyadic in Magazini Yadziko Lonse Yokhudza Zaumoyo, Voliyumu 27, Magazini 1, masamba 2015 16-35. DOI: 10.1080 / 19317611.2014.927048 Yofalitsidwa pa intaneti: 20 Nov 2014. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Zolinga: Cholinga cha phunziroli chinali kuyesa kugwirizana pakati pa zolaula zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito (maulendo onse ndi chidwi pa zolaula zoopsa) komanso maubwenzi ogonana. Njira: mazana asanu ndi atatu mphambu asanu ndi atatu mphambu asanu ndi atatu mphambu makumi asanu ndi awiri mphambu zisanu ndi ziwiri (50) makumi asanu ndi atatu mphambu zisanu ndi ziwiri (50) makumi asanu ndi atatu (5) aliwonse aku koleji ophunzira amaphunzira pa intaneti. Zotsatira: Ambiri (a 84.5%) a anthu omwe anafunsidwa adawona zolaula, komanso kwa anthu omwe amagonana nawo (470), tawona kuti chidwi chochuluka pa zolaula kapena zolaula zokhudzana ndi zolaula zinkakhudzana ndi zomwe zimachitika pa zolaula zolaula mnzanuyo, ndi zokonda kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula kukwaniritsa ndi kusunga chisangalalo cha kugonana chifukwa chogonana ndi mnzanu. Zomwe mwapeza: Zotsatirazo zinali zogwirizana koma ndi zosiyana kuchokera kufukufuku wa US ndi njira yomweyo, kutanthauza kuti chidwi chiyenera kulipidwa pa kusiyana kwa chikhalidwe.

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Sutton KS, Stratton N, Pytyck J, Kolla NJ, Cantor JM Makhalidwe Oleza Mtima Mwachilolezo Chogonana: Kuwongolera Zithunzi Zowonongeka Zokhudza Milandu Yachikhalidwe ya 115 in J Kugonana Kwadongosolo. 2015 Dec;41(6):563–80. (Home)

Kudalirika

Kugonana kwa amuna okhaokha kumapitirizabe kudandaula kwambiri koma osamvetsetsa bwino. Ngakhale kuti zosiyana ndi zomwe odwala akuwonetsera zokhuza kugonana, mabukuwa akhala akugwiritsabe ntchito njira zochizira zomwe amaganiza kuti zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa zochitika zonsezi. Njirayi yatsimikiziridwa kuti ikugwira ntchito, ngakhale kuti ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwazaka zambiri. Kafukufukuyu akugwiritsa ntchito njira zowonongeka za chiwerengero cha anthu, thanzi labwino, komanso kugonana komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi. Zomwe zimapezeka zimathandizira kukhalapo kwa subtypes, aliyense ali ndi magulu osiyana siyana. Anthu opatsirana pogonana a Paraphilic amawauza anthu ambiri ogonana nawo, kugwiritsira ntchito mowa mwauchidakwa, kuyambitsa kugonana pa msinkhu wawo, komanso zachilendo monga mphamvu yoyendetsa kugonana. Kupewa kutaya maliseche kumatulutsa mantha ambiri, kuchedwa kuthamangitsidwa, ndi kugwiritsira ntchito kugonana monga njira yopeŵera. Amuna achigololo amakamba kuti asanatuluke msanga ndipo kenako anayamba kutha msinkhu. Odwala omwe anapangidwawo sankatha kunena za mankhwala osokoneza bongo, ntchito, kapena mavuto a zachuma. Ngakhale zowonjezereka, nkhaniyi imapereka phunziro lofotokozera lomwe chiphunzitsochi chinachokera kuzinthu zomwe sizikuchitika nthawi zonse. Kafukufuku wamtsogolo angagwiritse ntchito njira zodziŵika bwino, monga kusanthula masango, kuti adziwe momwe zizindikiro zofanana zimayambira pamene akuyang'anitsitsa.

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Chotsutsa cha nkhaniyi chikupezeka Pano.

Svedin CG, Åkerman Woyamba ndi Priebe G Omwe amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula. Chiwerengero cha anthu odwala matenda okhudzidwa ndi matenda a matenda a achinyamata a ku Sweden achinyamata in Journal of Adolescence, Volume 34, Nkhani 4, August 2011, masamba 779-788. yani: 10.1016 / j.adolescence.2010.04.010. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula mobwerezabwereza sikunaphunzire mokwanira kale. Mufukufuku wa ku Sweden omwe ophunzira a 2015 a zaka zapakati pa 18 adatenga nawo mbali. Gulu la anthu omwe amagwiritsa ntchito zolaula (N = 200, 10.5%) kawirikawiri anaphunzira ponena za chikhalidwe cha m'mbuyo ndi chikhalidwe. Omwe ankagwiritsa ntchito nthawi zambiri anali ndi malingaliro oonera zolaula, ankakonda "kuyang'ana" poonera zolaula komanso kuona zithunzi zolaula zambiri. Kugwiritsidwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza kunayanjananso ndi makhalidwe ambiri ovuta. Kusanthula kosavuta kugwiritsidwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza kunawonetsa kuti anthu omwe amagwiritsa ntchito zolaula nthawi zambiri amakhala mumzinda waukulu, kumwa mowa mobwerezabwereza, kukhala ndi chilakolako chogonana komanso kugulitsidwa mobwerezabwereza kuposa anyamata a msinkhu umodzi.
Kuwonera zolaula kawirikawiri kumawoneka ngati khalidwe lovuta limene limafuna chidwi kwambiri kuchokera kwa makolo ndi aphunzitsi komanso kuti liziwongosoledwa muzofunsana.

Nkhani yonse ili kumbuyo kwa paywall Pano. Onani Kodi ndingapeze bwanji kufufuza? kuti mudziwe zambiri zokhudza kupeza.

Valliant, GE Kugonjetsa Zochitika: Amuna a Harvard Grant Study. 2012 Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674059825. (Ubale)

Kufotokozera kwa bukhu la bukhu

Panthawi imene anthu ambiri padziko lonse lapansi akuphunzira zaka khumi zapitazo, phunziro lautali kwambiri la chitukuko cha umunthu linaperekapo mwayi wopereka uthenga wabwino wokhudzana ndi ukalamba wathu: miyoyo yathu ikupitirirabe kusintha mzaka zathu zapitazi, ndipo nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosangalatsa kwambiri kuposa kale.
Kuyambira mu 1938, Kuphunzira Kwachitukuko kwa Kukula kwa Anthu Aakulu kunapangitsa kuti anthu oposa 200 akhale ndi thanzi labwino komanso lakuthupi, kuyambira ndi masiku awo apamwamba. Kusinthika kwa Moyo kwa tsopano kukufotokozera za moyo wa amuna mpaka zaka 55 ndipo kunatithandiza kumvetsetsa kusasitsa munthu wamkulu. Tsopano George Vaillant akutsatira amunawa mu zaka zawo zokwana 90, akulemba nthawi yoyamba zomwe zimawathandiza kuti azikula mopitirira patali.
Kulongosola pazochitika zonse za umoyo wa amuna, kuphatikizapo maubwenzi, ndale ndi chipembedzo, njira zothetsera mavuto, ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mowa (kuponderezedwa kwake ndiko kusokoneza kwakukulu kwa thanzi ndi chimwemwe pa phunziro la phunziro), Kugonjetsa Zochitika kumagawana zozizwitsa zingapo zodabwitsa. Mwachitsanzo, anthu omwe amachita bwino ukalamba sangachite bwino kwambiri pakati pa miyoyo, komanso mosiyana. Ngakhale kuti phunziroli likutsimikizira kuti n'zotheka kuti munthu akhalenso ndi ubwana wake, kukumbukira kusangalala ndi ubwana ndizomwe zimapatsa mphamvu moyo wake wonse. Mkwatibwi amabweretsa chimwemwe chochuluka pambuyo pa zaka 70, ndipo ukalamba pambuyo pa 80 imatsimikiziridwa pang'ono ndi chibadwidwe kusiyana ndi zizolowezi zopangidwa zaka zisanafike 50. Chiwongoladzanja chifukwa chokalamba ndi chisomo ndi umoyo, zikuwoneka, zimadzipangitsa ife tokha kuposa momwe timapangidwira.

Vesi V, Mole TB, Banca P, Porter L, Morris L, Mitchell S, et al. Neural Correlates of Reactivity Reactivity mwa Anthu omwe ali ndi popanda popanda kugonana kwaokha in PLoS ONE. : 2014 Jul 11; 9 (7): e102419. (Kunyumba)

Kudalirika

Ngakhale khalidwe lachiwerewere lachiwerewere (CSB) ladzidzimutsa ngati "khalidwe lachizoloŵezi" komanso maulendo omwe amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kapena ophatikizana omwe amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito poyang'anira zowonongeka ndi zakumwa za mankhwala, zomwe sizikudziwika ponena za mayankho okhudzana ndi kugonana kwa anthu omwe alibe ndi CSB. Pano, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwazinthu zosiyana zogonana kunayesedwa kwa anthu omwe alibe ndi CSB, poyang'ana pa zigawo za neural zomwe zakhala zikuyambirira pa kafukufuku wa mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Ophunzira a 19 CSB ndi odzipereka a 19 anayesedwa pogwiritsira ntchito MRI yogwira ntchito poyerekezera mavidiyo owonetsa zithunzi ndi mavidiyo osangalatsa. Zotsatira za chilakolako cha kugonana ndi zokondweretsa zinapezeka. Pokhudzana ndi odzipereka omwe ali ndi thanzi labwino, maphunziro a CSB anali ndi chilakolako chochuluka koma zofanana zofanana poyang'ana mavidiyo owonetsera zakugonana. Kuwonetsera kwa zizindikiro zogonana mu CSB poyerekeza ndi zomwe sizinayake CSB zinagwirizanitsidwa ndi kuwonetseratu kwachinthu chodziwika bwino chodziwika bwino, cha ventral striatum ndi amygdala. Kugwirizanitsa ntchito kwachitsulo choyambirira cha cingulate-ventral striatum-amygdala network kunagwirizanitsidwa ndi chilakolako chogonana (koma osakondwera) kwambiri pa CSB yokhudzana ndi maphunziro omwe si a CSB. Kusiyana pakati pa chilakolako kapena chokhumba ndi chokhumba chiri chogwirizana ndi malingaliro a chilimbikitso chotsatira CSB monga mowa mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Kusiyana kwa Neural mu kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa kugonana kwachidziwitso chodziwikiratu kunazindikiritsidwa mu maphunziro a CSB m'madera omwe kale anali okhudzana ndi maphunziro a mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Kuphatikizidwa kwakukulu kwa ma corticostriatal magalimoto oyendetsa mu CSB pambuyo poyang'anitsitsa kugonana kumasonyeza njira za neural zomwe zimayambitsa CSB komanso zomwe zingakhale zofunikira pazinthu zowonjezera.

Papepala lonselo likhoza kupezeka kwaulere Pano.

Weaver JB, Weaver SS, Mays D, Hopkins GL, Kannenberg W, McBride D Zizindikiro za thanzi ndi zakuthupi ndi khalidwe labwino la kugwiritsira ntchito mafilimu ndi akuluakulu in Journal of Medicine Medicine. 2011 Mar;8(3):764–72.

Kudalirika

MAU OYAMBA: Kutembenuza umboni kuchokera m'mitundu yosiyana siyana kumasonyeza kuti khalidwe lachidziwitso lachiwerewere (SEMB, mwachitsanzo, kugwiritsira ntchito zolaula) limakhudzana ndi malingaliro okhudzana ndi thanzi la kugonana ndi makhalidwe, ambiri omwe amawaika pangozi yaikulu yofalitsa kachirombo ka HIV / STD.
ZOYENERA: Zosafunika kuzidziŵa, ndipo zomwe zili pano, ndizogwirizana pakati pa SEMB ndi zizindikiro zokhudzana ndi thanzi labwino komanso zakuthupi.
ZOCHITIKA ZOCHITA ZOCHITA: Kusiyana kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yowonetsera zizindikiro za thanzi (zizindikiro zachisoni, matenda a maganizo ndi thupi, kuchepa kwa thanzi, khalidwe la moyo, ndi chiwerengero cha thupi) zinafufuzidwa m'magulu awiri (ogwiritsira ntchito, osasintha) a SEMB.
ZITSANZO: Chitsanzo cha anthu akuluakulu a 559 Seattle-Tacoma anafunsidwa mu 2006. Mitundu ya Multivariate yowonongeka yomwe inafotokozedwa mu SEMB ndi zojambula zogonana (2 × 2) zidakonzedwa kuphatikizapo kusintha kwa anthu angapo.
ZOKHUDZA: SEMB inanenedwa ndi 36.7% (n = 205) ya chitsanzo. Ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri a SEMB (78%) anali amuna. Pambuyo pokonzanso chiwerengero cha anthu, ogwiritsira ntchito SEMB, poyerekeza ndi osasamala, adalemba zizindikiro zazikulu zowopsya, moyo wathanzi, masiku ochepa aumaganizo ndi thupi la kuchepa, ndi kuchepa kwa umoyo.
POMALIZA: Zomwe zapezazi zikuwonetsa kuti zizindikiritso zamaganizidwe ndi thanzi zimasiyanasiyana kwambiri pa SEMB, kuwonetsa kufunika kophatikizira izi pakufufuza kwamtsogolo ndi zoyeserera zamapulogalamu. Makamaka, zomwe zapezazi zikusonyeza kuti njira zolimbikitsira anthu zokhudzana ndi chiwerewere nthawi imodzi polankhula ndi SEMB ya anthu ndi zosowa zawo zamaganizidwe atha kukhala njira yothandiza pakukhalitsa ndi thanzi lamatenda ndikuthana ndi zotsatira zathanzi logonana lomwe likugwirizana ndi SEMB.

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Weber M, Quiring O ndi Daschmann G Peers, Makolo ndi Zithunzi Zolaula: Kufufuza Zowonongeka kwa Achinyamata kwa Zogonana Zolimbitsa Thupi ndi Zomwe Zilikulimbikitsa in Kugonana & Chikhalidwe, December 2012, Volume 16, Magazini 4, pp 408-427. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Pogwiritsa ntchito kafukufuku wa achinyamata a 352 omwe ali pakati pa 16 ndi 19, kugwiritsa ntchito mafilimu oonera zolaula ndi mafilimu anafufuzidwa pamodzi ndi kugwirizana pakati pa kugwiritsa ntchito ndi zizindikiro za achinyamata omwe amadziona kuti ali ndi ufulu, zokhudzana ndi kagulu ka anzawo, komanso malingaliro a kugonana. Tapeza kuti achinyamata ambiri amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito mafilimu kapena mafilimu olaula. Otsutsa omwe amadziona ngati osadzipangira okha, makamaka makolo awo, amagwiritsa ntchito zolaula nthawi zambiri. Kwa atsikana, izi zimagwiranso ntchito ngati ayesa kugwiritsidwa ntchito pakati pa anzawo monga makamaka, komanso anyamata, ngati nthawi zambiri amalankhula zolaula pakati pa anzawo. Kukula kwakukulu kwa zolaula zolaula kumagwirizananso ndi kuganiza kuti anthu ambiri amagonana kale kwambiri komanso kuti anthu ambiri amakonda njira zosiyanasiyana zogonana.

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Wilson, Gary 2014 Ubongo Wanu Pa Porn: Zithunzi Zolaula pa Intaneti ndi Emerging Science of Addiction, Kusindikiza kwa Commonwealth ISBN 978-0-9931616-0-5

Kudalirika

"Ubongo Wanu pa Zigawo umalembedwa m'zinenero zosavuta zomveka bwino kwa akatswiri ndi ochita chimodzimodzi ndipo zimakhazikitsidwa molimba mwa mfundo za sayansi, maganizo ndi khalidwe la chisinthiko ... Monga katswiri wa zamaganizo, ndakhala zaka zoposa makumi anayi ndikufufuza za maziko ndipo ndikutha kutsimikizira kuti kafukufuku wa Wilson akugwirizana bwino ndi zonse zomwe ndapeza. "
Pulofesa Frederick Toates, Open University, wolemba mabuku a How Sexual Desire Works: The Enigmatic Urge.

Ipezeka kugula kuchokera Wofalitsa.

Wright PJ, Sun C, Steffen NJ ndi Tokunaga RS Zithunzi Zolaula, Mowa, ndi Kugonana Kwa amuna mu Mauthenga Othandizira Mauthenga a 82, Magazini 2, masamba 2015 252-270. Idasindikizidwa pa intaneti: 19 Nov 2014. DOI: 10.1080 / 03637751.2014.981558. (Thanzi)

Kudalirika

Kafukufukuyu adasanthula chidwi cha amuna kapena akazi okhaokha aku Germany komanso kutengapo gawo kwawo pamakhalidwe osiyanasiyana omwe awonedwa posachedwapa pakuwona zolaula. Chidwi chowonera makanema olaula kapena zolaula zomwe zimachitika pafupipafupi zimakhudzana ndi chikhumbo cha amuna chokhala nawo kapena kukhala ndi zizolowezi monga kukoka tsitsi, kumenya mnzake mwamphamvu kuti asiye chizindikiro, kutulutsa nkhope, kutsekeredwa, kulowererapo kawiri ( monga kulowa kuthengo kapena kumaliseche kwa mnzako nthawi imodzi ndi mwamuna wina), pakamwa pakamwa (mwachitsanzo, kulowa mwa mnzako kenako ndikulowetsa mbolo mkamwa mwake), kugundika kwa penile, kumenyedwa mbama pankhope, kutsamwa, ndi kuyitanidwa mayina (mwachitsanzo " slut ”kapena“ hule ”). Pogwirizana ndi kafukufuku wakale wokhudza zakumwa zoledzeretsa komanso zolaula zomwe zimawonetsa kuthekera kwakugonana, amuna omwe anali ndi zikhalidwe zazikulu kwambiri ndi omwe amakonda kumwa zolaula komanso kumwa mowa nthawi yayitali kapena isanakwane.

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