Zovuta zolaula Akulu okha

Bongo

Kugwiritsa ntchito mokakamiza ngakhale zili ndi zotsatirapo zoyipa ndizodziwika bwino zosokoneza bongo. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ngakhale kusuta kumabweretsa kusowa kwa ntchito, maubale owonongeka, mavuto azachuma, kukhumudwa komanso kusadziletsa, timayikirabe zizolowezi zathu zosokoneza bongo kapena china chilichonse m'moyo wathu.

Tsatanetsatane wachidule ya chizoloŵezi chololedwa ndi American Society of Addiction Medicine ndi:

Kuledzeretsa ndi matenda akuluakulu, omwe amatha kupatsidwa mphoto, ubongo, kukumbukira komanso zochitika zina. Kulephera kugwira ntchito m'maderawa kumabweretsa zochitika zamoyo, zamaganizo, zachikhalidwe ndi zauzimu. Izi zikuwonetseredwa ndi munthu wina yemwe akufuna kulandira mphotho ndi / kapena mpumulo mwa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ndi makhalidwe ena.

Zizoloŵezi zimadziwika kuti sizingatheke kuleka, kuwonongeka kwa khalidwe labwino, kulakalaka, kuchepetsa kuchepetsa mavuto aakulu ndi machitidwe awo ndi maubwenzi awo, komanso kukhumudwa kwamaganizo. Mofanana ndi matenda ena osatha, kuledzeretsa nthawi zambiri kumaphatikizapo kubwereranso ndi kukhululukidwa. Popanda chithandizo kapena kuchita nawo zinthu zowonongeka, kuledzeretsa kumapitabe patsogolo ndipo kungabweretse kulemala kapena kufa msanga.

American Society of Addiction Medicine imapanganso Long Definition. Izi zikulongosola kuledzera mwatsatanetsatane ndipo zingapezeke Pano. Tsatanetsataneyo idatsimikiziridwa yomaliza mu 2011.

Kuledzera ndi zotsatira za kusintha kwamachitidwe amubwino waubongo. Dongosolo la mphotho muubongo wathu lidasinthika kutithandiza kuti tikhale ndi moyo potipangitsa kuti tipeze mphotho kapena chisangalalo, tipewe zopweteka, ndi onse ndi zoyesayesa zochepa kapena kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu. Timakonda zachilendo, makamaka ngati titha kusangalala kapena kupewa zopweteka popanda kuchita khama. Chakudya, madzi, kulumikizana komanso kugonana ndizofunikira zomwe tapanga kuti tikhale ndi moyo. Zoyang'ana pa iwo zidayamba pomwe zosowa izi zimasowa, chifukwa chake timasangalala tikazipeza. Makhalidwe opulumukawa amayendetsedwa ndi neurochemical dopamine, yomwe imalimbikitsanso njira za neural zomwe zimatithandiza kuphunzira ndikubwereza machitidwe. Dopamine ikakhala yotsika, timamva zolimbikitsidwa kuti zitilimbikitse kuzifuna. Ngakhale chikhumbo chofunafuna mphotho chimachokera ku dopamine, kumverera kwachisangalalo kapena chisangalalo kuchokera pakulandila mphotho kumachokera ku zomwe zimayambitsa ma opioid achilengedwe muubongo.

Masiku ano m'dziko lathu lodzala, tazunguliridwa ndi mphotho 'zachilendo' zamalipiro achilengedwe monga kusinthidwa, zakudya zopatsa mphamvu zopatsa mphamvu komanso zolaula pa intaneti. Izi zimapangitsa chidwi chaubongo kukonda zachilendo komanso kukhumba zosangalatsa popanda khama. Tikamadya zochulukirapo, malingaliro athu amakula ndipo timakhala olekerera kapena osakhudzidwa ndi magwiritsidwe am'mbuyomu. Izi zimathandizanso kuti tikhale olimba kwambiri kuti tikhutire, ngakhale kwakanthawi. Chilakolako chimasintha kukhala chofunikira. Mwanjira ina, timayamba 'kufuna' mayendedwe kuposa momwe 'timakondera' ngati osazindikira, kusintha kwakukhudzana ndi bongo kumawongolera machitidwe athu ndikutaya ufulu wathu wakudzisankhira.

Zina zomwe zimakonzedwa bwino, zochepa 'zachilengedwe' monga shuga, mowa, nikotini, cocaine, heroin imagwiritsanso ntchito mphothoyo. Amabera njira za dopamine zomwe zimapangidwira mphotho zachilengedwe. Kutengera mulingo wa mphotho, mphothozi zimatha kudzetsa chisangalalo kapena chisangalalo chochuluka kuposa zomwe zimachitikira ndi mphotho zachilengedwe. Kudzikweza kumeneku kumatha kupangitsa dongosolo lathu la mphotho kukhala lopanda malire. Ubongo umamatira pachinthu chilichonse kapena machitidwe omwe amathandiza kuthetsa nkhawa. Ubongo wathu sunasinthike kuti tithane ndi kuchuluka kwakuchulukirachulukira kwamphamvu yamaganizidwe.

Ubongo zinayi zazikuluzikulu zimasintha pakuchitika mowa.

Choyamba timakhala 'osakhudzidwa' ndi zosangalatsa wamba. Timamva kukhala ozungulira pafupi ndi zisangalalo zatsiku ndi tsiku zomwe zimatipangitsa kukhala achimwemwe.

Chizolowezi chomachita kapena chizolowezi chimagwira ndi kusintha kwakukulu kwachiwiri, 'kulimbikitsa'. Izi zikutanthauza kuti m'malo mosangalala ndi magwero ambiri, timangoyang'ana kwambiri chinthu chomwe timalakalaka kapena china chilichonse chomwe chimatikumbutsa. Timakhulupirira kuti titha kumva kukhutira ndi chisangalalo chokha. Timalola kulolerana, mwachitsanzo, timazolowera kukondoweza komwe kumathetsa mavuto omwe timakumana nawo.

Kusintha kwachitatu ndi 'kusadzionetsera' kapena kuwonongeka komanso kuchepa kwa magwiridwe antchito am'mbali omwe amathandizira kuletsa machitidwe ndikulola kuti tizimvera ena chisoni. Ma lobes akutsogolo ndi mabuleki omwe amakhala ndi machitidwe omwe tiyenera kuwongolera. Ndi gawo laubongo momwe titha kudziyika mu nsapato za ena kuti timve malingaliro awo. Zimatithandiza kuti tigwirizane komanso kulumikizana ndi ena.

Kusintha kwachinai ndiko kulengedwa kwadongosolo lopanikizika. Izi zimatipangitsa kukhala osasunthika kuti tisamapanikizidwe komanso kusokonezeka mosavuta, zomwe zimachititsa kuti tisachite zinthu mopupuluma. Ndizosiyana ndi kulimba mtima ndi mphamvu zamaganizo.

Kuledzera kumabwera chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala mobwerezabwereza (mowa, nikotini, heroin, cocaine, skunk ndi zina) kapena machitidwe (kutchova juga, zolaula pa intaneti, masewera, kugula, kudya zakudya zopanda pake) zomwe zimayambitsa kusintha kwa ubongo ndi magwiridwe ake . Ubongo wa aliyense ndi wosiyana, anthu ena amafunikira kulimbikitsidwa kuposa ena kuti azisangalala kapena kusuta. Kuyang'ana mobwerezabwereza kwa chinthu kapena machitidwe ena kumawonetsa ubongo kuti izi zakhala zofunikira kuti munthu apulumuke, ngakhale zitakhala kuti sizili choncho. Ubongo umadzisinthira wokha kuti uthandize kukhala ndi vutoli kapena kakhalidwe kake patsogolo ndikuwononga china chilichonse m'moyo wa wogwiritsa ntchito. Imafupikitsa malingaliro amunthu ndikuchepetsa moyo wawo. Zitha kuwonedwa ngati mawonekedwe a 'kupitirira kuphunzira' pamene ubongo umangokhalira kuyanjana mobwerezabwereza. Timangoyankha zokha, osachita khama, kuzinthu zomwe zatizungulira. Ichi ndichifukwa chake timafunikira ma lobes olimba kutsogolo kuti atithandizire kulingalira mozama pazisankho zathu ndikuyankha m'njira yomwe ingalimbikitse zofuna zathu mtsogolo osati zongotilimbikitsa kwakanthawi kochepa.

Pankhani yofuna zolaula pa intaneti, kungowona laputopu, piritsi kapena foni yam'manja kumanong'oneza wogwiritsa ntchito kuti chisangalalo 'changoyandikira'. Chiyembekezo cha mphotho kapena mpumulo ku zowawa zimayendetsa khalidweli. Kuchulukitsa kwa masamba omwe kale munthu adapeza "onyansa kapena osagwirizana ndi zomwe amakonda" ndiofala ndipo amakumana ndi theka la ogwiritsa ntchito. Kuledzera kwathunthu m'zachipatala sikofunikira kuyambitsa kusintha kwaubongo komwe kumabweretsa mavuto m'maganizo ndi mthupi monga ubongo wa ubongo, kukhumudwa, kudzipatula pagulu, kuchuluka, nkhawa zamagulu, zovuta za erectile, kusamala pantchito komanso kusowa chifundo kwa ena.

Kawirikawiri kuthamangitsa ntchito iliyonse yopanga dopamine kungakhale kovuta chifukwa chosintha zomwe ubongo wathu umawona kuti ndi zofunika kapena zosafunikira kuti zikhalepo. Ubongo uwu umasintha kumakhudza zisankho zathu ndi khalidwe lathu. Nkhani yoipa ndi yakuti kukulitsa chizoloŵezi chimodzi kumangokhalira kuledzera kwa zinthu zina kapena makhalidwe. Izi zimachitika pamene ubongo amayesera kukhalabe patsogolo pa zizindikiro zowonongeka mwa kufunafuna chisangalalo, kapena kuthamanga kwa dopamine ndi opioids, kuchokera kwina kulikonse. Achinyamata ndi omwe amakhala osatetezeka kwambiri.

Nkhani yabwino ndi yakuti chifukwa ubongo ndi pulasitiki, tikhoza kuphunzira kusiya kuyimitsa makhalidwe oipa poyambitsa zatsopano ndikusiya zizolowezi zakale. Izi zimafooketsa njira zakale za ubongo ndipo zimathandiza kupanga zatsopano. Sikovuta kuchita koma ndi chithandizo, chikhoza kuchitika. Amuna ndi akazi zikwi zambiri adachira kuledzera ndipo amakhala ndi ufulu komanso mgwirizano watsopano wa moyo.

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