zozizwitsa zowonjezera

Mphamvu Yodabwitsa Kwambiri

Gawo ili likuchokera muzowonjezera kuchokera m'buku la Gary Wilson Ubongo Wanu pa Zolaula, Zolaula za pa Intaneti ndi Sayansi Yowonongeka ndi chilolezo cha Wolemba.

Kodi chikoka chokwanira ndi chiyani?

Mawu olakalaka, zithunzi ndi makanema akhala akuzungulira nthawi yayitali - monganso kuthamangitsidwa kwamankhwala am'magazi ndi anzawo. Ndiye nchiyani chomwe chimapangitsa zolaula za lero kukhala zokopa? Osangokhala zachilendo zake zosatha. Dopamine imayaka moto pamalingaliro ena komanso zoyambitsa zina, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala zowonekera pa zolaula pa intaneti:

• Kudabwa, kudabwa (Zomwe sizowopsya mu zolaula za lero?)

• Kuda nkhawa (Kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula zomwe sizikugwirizana ndi zomwe mumakhulupirira kapena zogonana)

Kufufuza ndi kufufuza (Kufuna, kuyembekezera)

M'malo mwake, zolaula pa intaneti zimawoneka ngati zomwe asayansi amatcha chidwi choposa chilichonse. Zaka zapitazo, wolandila mphotho ya Nobel Nikolaas Tinbergen adazindikira kuti mbalame, agulugufe, ndi nyama zina zitha kupusitsidwa kuti zisankhe mazira abodza kapena okwatirana. Mwachitsanzo, mbalame zazimayi zimavutikira kukhala pa mazira akuluakulu a Tinbergen, owoneka bwino pomwe mazira awo otumbuluka, omwe amafota amafa osasamalidwa. Amphongo achimuna amanyalanyaza okwatirana enieni m'malo moyesetsa kuyesetsa kuthana ndi mabotolo abulu. Kwa kachilomboka, botolo la mowa litagona pansi limawoneka ngati mkazi wamkulu kwambiri, wokongola kwambiri, komanso wogonana yemwe sanawonepo konse.

Mwanjira ina, m'malo moyankha kwachibadwa kuyima pa 'malo okoma' pomwe samakopa nyama kutuluka kwathunthu pamasewera olowerera, mapulogalamu abwinowa akupitilizabe kuyankha mwachidwi pazovuta zina, zopanga.

Tinbergen adatcha chinyengo chotere 'zoyipa zazikulu,' ngakhale tsopano zimatchedwa 'zoyambitsa zazikulu'.

Zoyambitsa zapadera ndizokokomeza zamtundu wina zomwe timaziona kuti ndizofunika. Chosangalatsa ndichakuti, ngakhale sizowoneka kuti nyani amasankha zithunzi kuposa amuna kapena akazi anzawo, anyani 'amalipira' (mphotho ya madzi a forego) kuti awone zithunzi za atsikana anyani. Mwina sizosadabwitsa kuti zolaula zamasiku ano zitha kutibera.

Kodi zolaula pa intaneti zimakhudza bwanji?

Tikamapanga chinthu chopatsa chidwi chofunikira kwambiri chifukwa chimayambitsa kuphulika kwakukulu kwa dopamine mdera lathu la mphotho kuposa mnzake wachilengedwe. Kwa ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri, magazini azolaula akale sanathe kupikisana ndi anzawo enieni. Malo apakati a Playboy sanatengere zomwe ena omwe adayamba kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula adaphunzira kuyanjana ndi omwe angakhale nawo kapena anzawo enieni: kukhudzana ndi maso, kukhudza, kununkhira, chisangalalo cha kukopana ndi kuvina, chiwonetsero, chiwerewere ndi zina zotero.

Zolaula za pa intaneti masiku ano, zili ndi zokopa zazikuluzikulu. Choyamba, imapereka malo otentha osatha omwe amapezeka pang'onopang'ono. Kafukufuku amatsimikizira kuti kuyembekezera mphotho ndi zachilendo kumalimbikitsana kuti ziwonjezere chisangalalo ndikubwezeretsanso gawo lamaubongo.
Chachiwiri, zolaula za pa intaneti zimapereka mabere ambiri osapangidwira komanso zida zowonongeka, zowonongeka, zowonongeka, ziwalo ziwiri kapena katatu, zochitika zapagulu ndi zochitika zina zosatheka.

Chachitatu, kwa anthu ambiri, zithunzi zosasunthika sizingafanane ndi makanema amakono amphindi zitatu a anthu omwe agonana kwambiri. Ndikadali ndi akalulu amaliseche zomwe mudali nazo zinali malingaliro anu. Nthawi zonse mumadziwa zomwe zichitike pambuyo pake, zomwe sizinali zambiri kwa mwana wazaka 3 asanakhale pa intaneti. Mosiyana ndi izi, ndimakanema osatha a 'Sindikukhulupirira zomwe ndangowona' makanema, zomwe mukuyembekezera zimaphwanyidwa nthawi zonse (zomwe ubongo umapeza zolimbikitsa kwambiri). Kumbukiraninso, kuti anthu adasinthika kuti aphunzire powonera ena akuchita zinthu, ndiye makanema ali ndi 'mphamvu' zophunzirira kuposa zidindo.

Ndi zopeka zasayansi zomwe zikadamupangitsa Tinbergen kuti, 'Ndinakuwuzani', ogwiritsa ntchito zolaula masiku ano nthawi zambiri amapeza intaneti zolimbikitsa kuposa anzawo enieni. Ogwiritsa ntchito sangakonde kuthera maola ambiri akuyang'ana makompyuta akuyang'ana zolaula ndikudina zithunzi zatsopano. Atha kukhala ndi nthawi yocheza ndi anzawo komanso kukumana ndi omwe angakhale nawo pantchitoyo.

Komabe zenizeni zimavutikira kupikisana pamlingo woyankha waubongo, makamaka pamene wina aponyera muyeso zosatsimikizika ndikusintha kwa mayanjano. Monga momwe Mpingo wa Noah umayika muzolemba zake Wack: Addicted to Internet Porn, 'sikuti sindinkafuna kugonana kwenikweni, koma ndikuti zinali zovuta kwambiri komanso zosokoneza kuposa zolaula.' Ndipo izi zikupezekanso m'mabuku ambiri amunthu woyamba:

"Ndinkakhala wosakwatira, ndinkakhala m'tawuni yaing'ono komwe kunalibe mwayi wokhala ndi chibwenzi, ndipo ndinayamba kuseweretsa maliseche nthawi zambiri. Ndinadabwa kuona mmene ndinayambira msangamsanga. Ndinayamba kutaya masiku ambiri pogwiritsa ntchito malo oonera zolaula. Komabe sindinadziwe bwinobwino zomwe zinali kundichitikira mpaka nditagona ndi mkazi ndipo ndinadzikuza molimba mtima kukumbukira zithunzi zolaula kuti ndikhale wovuta. Sindinaganize kuti zikhoza kundichitikira. Mwamwayi, ndinali ndi maziko ambiri a kugonana wathanzi pamaso pa zolaula ndipo ine ndinazindikira zomwe zinali kuchitika. Nditasiya, ndinayamba kuikidwa kachiwiri, ndipo nthawi zambiri. Ndipo patapita nthawi pang'ono ndinakumana ndi mkazi wanga. "

Momwe Zolemba Zogonana Zimagwirira Ntchito Zopanda Zachilendo

Masiku ano, palibe kutha kwazokopa kopambana. Makampani opanga zolaula amapereka kale zolaula za 3-D ndi maloboti ndi zoseweretsa zogonana zomwe zimagwirizanitsidwa ndi zolaula kapena ogwiritsa ntchito makompyuta kuti azitsatira. Koma ngozi imabisalira pamene china chake:

• amalembetsa ngati "mtengo wapatali", ndiko kuti, kutengeka kwa chinthu chomwe makolo athu (ndi ife) tinasintha kuti tipeze zosatsutsika (chakudya chokwanira, kukakamiza kugonana),
• amapezeka mosavuta mosavuta (osapezeka m'chilengedwe),
• amabwera mu mitundu yambiri (zatsopano),
• ndipo timagonjetsa kwambiri.

Ndalama, zakudya zambiri zopanda kanthu zimaphatikizapo chitsanzo ichi ndipo zimazindikiridwa kuti ndizovuta kwambiri. Mukhoza kumwa zakumwa zofewa za 32-ounce ndi thumba la salty nibbles popanda kuganizira kwambiri, koma yesetsani kudyetsa caloric yawo yofanana ndi zinyama zouma ndi mizu yophika!

Mofananamo, owonera nthawi zambiri amakhala maola ambiri akusanthula makanema azolaula akufufuza kanema woyenera kuti amalize, ndikupangitsa kuti dopamine ikhale yokwera kwakanthawi kosazolowereka. Koma yesetsani kulingalira za osaka-osonkhanitsa nthawi zonse kuthera maola omwewo kuseweretsa maliseche pamtengo womwewo pakhoma. Sizinachitike.

Zithunzi zolaula zimabweretsa zoopsa zapadera kuposa zomwe zimakopa kwambiri. Choyamba, ndizosavuta kupeza, kupezeka 24/7, kwaulere komanso kwachinsinsi. Chachiwiri, ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri amayamba kuonera zolaula atha msinkhu, pomwe ubongo wawo uli pachimake pamapulasitiki ndipo amakhala pachiwopsezo chazovuta komanso kubwereranso. Pomaliza, pali malire pa kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka chakudya: mphamvu zam'mimba komanso kusilira kwachilengedwe komwe kumayamba pomwe sitingakumanenso ndi chinthu china.

Mosiyana, palibe malire amthupi pa zolaula za pa intaneti, kupatulapo kufunikira kwa kugona ndi kusambira. Wogwiritsa ntchito angathe kutsogolo (kuseweretsa maliseche popanda kugwedezeka) pa zolaula kwa maola popanda kusokoneza malingaliro, kapena kusokoneza.

Kudya zolaula kumangokhala ngati lonjezo losangalatsa, koma kumbukirani kuti uthenga wa dopamine si 'wokhutiritsa'. Ndi, 'pitirizani, kukhutira kuli pafupi':

"Ndikanati ndiyambe kuganiza zowonongeka ndikusiya, kuyang'ana zolaula, ndikukhala pamasinkhu, nthawi zonse. Ndinkaganizira kwambiri za kuonera zolaula kusiyana ndi kuonera zolaula. Ndinkangokhalira kuganizira zazing'ono zomwe ndinkangokhalira kuziganizira mpaka pomalizira pake ndinatopa ndikudzipereka.

<< Kupsinjika                                                                                                                                           Chizolowezi >>

Sangalalani, PDF ndi Imelo