Kubisa kwa Facebook

Facebook & Encryption

yambani888 Nkhani zaposachedwa

Izi mlendo blog ndi John Carr, m'modzi mwa akuluakulu padziko lonse lapansi pakugwiritsa ntchito intaneti kwa ana ndi achinyamata komanso kugwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje atsopano. Mmenemo akufotokoza zomwe zingachitike (zowononga) zomwe Facebook ikufuna kuti alembere nsanja zake ndikulepheretsa mabungwe oteteza ana kuti azitha kuzindikira ndikuchotsa nkhanza kwa ana mtsogolo.

Tinawonetsa ma blogi ena a John on Kuzindikiritsa zaka, CappingNdipo WeProtect Mgwirizano Wapadziko Lonse.

Lachitatu lapitali National Center for USA Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) adafalitsa manambala ake kwa 2020. Malipoti miliyoni 16.9 omwe adalandiridwa mu 2019 adakula kufika 21.7 miliyoni mu 2020. Zaposa 25%. Mauthenga apakompyuta amakhalabe gwero lalikulu kwambiri.

21.4 miliyoni ya malipoti a 2020 adabwera mwachindunji kuchokera kumabizinesi apaintaneti iwowo, ndalama zochokera kwa anthu wamba. Omalizawa akuimira kuwonjezeka katatu pa 2019. Chodabwitsa ndichakuti, panali kuwonjezeka kwa chaka ndi chaka pafupifupi 100% mu malipoti okopa pa intaneti. Zotsatira zakuchepa kwakukulu padziko lonse lapansi? Mwina.

Malipoti a 21.7 miliyoni, mwazinthu zina, anali ndi mafayilo amakanema 31,654,163 ndi mafayilo 33,690,561 okhala ndi zithunzi. Lipoti limodzi limatha kutchula zinthu zopitilira chimodzi.

Chifukwa chake, mkati mwa malipoti onse pali chidwi chachikulu pakuwona zithunzi zosavomerezeka za mtundu wina koma 120,590 "Mafayilo ena"  zomwe zawonetsedwa mchati cha NCMEC zikuyimiranso zoopseza zazikulu kwa ana.

Ndi malipoti 2,725,518 India, akutchulidwanso pamndandanda wamayiko. Philippines, Pakistan ndi Algeria akubwera motsatira, kutali kwambiri komabe onse ali pamwamba pa 1 miliyoni.

Nkhani yabwino kapena yoyipa? 

Anthu omwe amatsutsana ndi kusanthula koyeserera kwazakugonana kwa ana papulatifomu yotumizira mameseji nthawi zina amaloza manambalawa ndikunena kuti chifukwa chokwera nthawi zonse izi zimatsimikizira kuti sikani chothandiza. Ena amati tiyenera kuyitananso ndondomekoyi "Kulephera".

Chifukwa zigawenga zimakana mwamphamvu kumaliza kubwezera pachaka mokhulupirika kulengeza zomwe adachita chaka chatha pofotokoza zomwe akufuna kuchita miyezi 12 ikubwerayi, sitinadziwepo ndipo sitingadziwe kuchuluka kwa csam, yomwe yakhalapo kapena yomwe ikupezeka kumeneko, kapena mayesedwe angati omwe achitika kapena apangidwa kuti agwirizane ndi ana paintaneti mozunza. Manambala atsopano a NCMEC atha kungotiuza kuti tikupeza bwino. Zomwe samachita ndikupereka mwayi woti achoke m'dera lomenyanali, kusiya omwe achitiridwa nkhanza, kulengeza zakupambana kwa omwe amachitirana nkhanza ana komanso kusayang'anira malo apaintaneti.

Zida zabwinoko

Zida zomwe tili nazo tsopano ndizabwino kuposa kale ndipo zikugwiritsidwa ntchito mwamphamvu. Ndipo zowonadi kuti pali ogwiritsa ntchito intaneti ambiri chaka chino kuposa chaka chatha. Padzakhala gawo la kuchulukako komwe kumachitika kokha chifukwa cha kukula kwachilengedwe. Izi zitha kuyembekezeredwa kupitilira kwakanthawi pomwe kupezeka kwa wifi ndi burodibandi kukukulirakulira ndipo dziko lonse lapansi likupita pa intaneti.

M'mbali iliyonse yamilandu, kuzindikira ndi kuthana ndi zachiwawa pambuyo poti chochitikacho chikuyenera kapena zikhale gawo limodzi lokha lamaphunziro akuluakulu momwe kupewera kudzera pamaphunziro ndi kukulitsa chidwi nthawi zonse kumafunika. Koma lingaliro loti muyenera kukana kuyesa kuchepetsa zovuta zamakhalidwe oyipa paliponse komanso nthawi iliyonse yomwe mungakwanitse ndilopanda chisoni komanso ndichipongwe kwa omwe achitiridwa nkhanza ndi ana. Zochita zimalankhula mokweza kuposa mawu ndipo palibe zomwe zimalankhula mokweza.

Pakadali pano ku EU

Sabata yapitayi NCMEC ziwerengero zofalitsidwa kuwonetsa malipoti omwe alandila kuchokera ku mayiko a EU pansi ndi 51% kuyambira Disembala, 2020. Ili linali tsiku lomwe European Electronic Communications Code idayamba kugwira ntchito.

Ikani motsutsana ndi dziko lonse lapansi adzauka pakufotokozera, mantha akuyenera kukhala akuti pofotokoza kuchuluka kugwa mu malipoti ochokera ku mayiko a EU, ana aku Europe atha kukhala kuti akuvutika kwambiri kuposa ana akumayiko ena. Commissioner Johansson anafotokoza mu malipoti a EU 663 patsiku ndi osati kupangidwa mwanjira ina kukadakhala kuti kulibe. Izi zikanakhala zowona ngati kuchuluka kwa malipoti kukadakhalabe kosasintha. Mwachiwonekere sichoncho, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti kuchuluka kwenikweni kwa malipoti omwe sanapezeke mwina akhale kumpoto kwa 663.

Ndipo Nyumba Yamalamulo ku Europe ikulepheretsa kusintha.

Facebook pamayendedwe

Tiyeni tikumbukire Disembala watha pomwe Code yatsopano idayamba. Facebook, kampani yotchuka, yolimbana, idaganiza kuti ipatukana ndi atsogoleri amakampani poletsa kusanthula kwa nkhanza za ana. Facebook ikadatha kulimbana nayo kapena, monganso anzawo, idanyalanyaza. Sanachitenso mwina.

Osuliza akuti lingaliro lakampani kuti ligubuduke ngati galu womvera wagalu lidalimbikitsidwa ndi chikhumbo chofuna kukhazikitsa njira pakulakalaka kwawo kwanthawi yayitali kuti atulutse chinsinsi champhamvu kwa Messenger ndi Instagram Direct. Ngati palibe njira yovomerezeka yojambulira nsanamira za mameseji ngati nsanjazo zili ndi encrypted pafupifupi zatha.

Lingaliro la Facebook la Disembala lidawonekeradi kuti likuyambitsa kutsutsa kuchokera kumagulu omwe akhala akutsutsana pakusanthula zomwe zili ndi machitidwe omwe angawopseze ana.

Kuchita bwino kwa bizinesi yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito chinsinsi kwambiri m'mbiri ya Planet Earth ikuchita nkhope yathunthu, ndikuchita izi mopweteketsa ana komanso nzika zomvera malamulo ambiri, zimakupherani mpweya. Palibe mawu ofunda omwe angachotsere izi.

Gwirani malingaliro amenewo kwa mphindi.

Nkhani ya nthawi?

Facebook yapanga kafukufuku posachedwa pazochitika zakuzunza ana pamapulatifomu awo. Zotsatira zangokhala lofalitsidwa mu blog.

Panali maphunziro awiri osiyana. Zonsezi zimabweretsa kukayikira kapena kukayikira phindu la kusanthula mozama kuti muteteze ana.

Uku ndikupumula kwakukulu ndi zakale za Facebook. Amanyadira komanso mobwerezabwereza kuti alengeze kudzipereka kwawo pakuwunika zochitika ndi zochitika zomwe zimawopseza ana. M'malo mwake, ali ndi mbiri yopitiliza kuyang'ana za anthu omwe atha kudzipweteka komanso kudzipha. Ngakhale amangozindikira kuti ndi zomwe akuchita pokhudzana ndi nkhanza za ana sizimathawa kwa kanthawi.

Ndani angakhale wotsutsa kafukufuku? Osati ine. Koma osuliza omwewo omwe ndidatchulapo kale sanachedwe kunena kuti nthawi yomwe kafukufukuyu amatulutsidwa zimamupangitsa munthu kudabwa ngati zidachitika ndi zolinga zenizeni. Kodi anthu omwe adagwiradi ntchitoyi kapena omwe adasankha nthawi yofalitsa adadandaula ngati akuwanyengerera?

Chodabwitsa

Poyamba mwa maphunziro awiriwa adapeza kuti mu Okutobala ndi Novembala wa 2020 90% yazomwe zapezeka papulatifomu yawo ndikuwuza NCMEC zokhudzana ndi zomwe zinali zofanana kapena zofanana kwambiri ndi zomwe zidanenedwapo kale.

Omwe takhala tikugwira ntchito kumunda kwanthawi yayitali tikhoza kudabwa kuti anali 90%. Nthawi zonse ndimamvetsetsa kuti kuchuluka kwa zobwereza kungakhale m'ma 90s apamwamba kwambiri. Ziwerengero zazikulu zimawonetsa zida zogwirira ntchito zikugwira ntchito yawo. Ichi ndichifukwa chake kupitiliza kwawo kugwiritsa ntchito ndikofunikira, makamaka kwa omwe akuwonetsedwa pazithunzizi. Zowona kuti chithunzi chimabwerezedwa zimangotsimikizira ndikukulitsa zovulaza zomwe mwanayo akuchita. Zowonadi sizimachepetsa.

Ozunzidwa amatha ndipo ayenera kunena awo ufulu wamseri wachinsinsi komanso ulemu wamunthu. Amafuna kuti chithunzi chilichonse chitengeke, ziribe kanthu kangati kapena kachiwonekere.

Kusindikiza nambala ngati "Kupitirira 90%" Popanda kufotokozera zamtunduwu zikuyenera kupangitsa wopenyerera kuti asadziwike bwino mwachitsanzo wina wofulumira ndi mapepala ambiri kuti awerenge, kudabwa kuti kukangana kumeneku ndi chiyani?

Tawonani mu lipoti la NCMEC akunena kuti alandila malipoti a 10.4 miliyoni lapadera zithunzi. Izi zimawasiyanitsa ndi kubwereza. Zinali zobwereza zomwe tafunsidwa kuti tikhulupirire kuti ndi 90% ya zolipira mu kafukufuku wa Facebook.

Zowonjezera zomwe zingasokeretse

Mu blog yomweyo ndikunena za kuphunzira komweku Facebook ikupitilira kutiuza "zisanu ndi chimodzi zokha ”makanema anali ndi udindo wa zoposa theka ” pa malipoti onse omwe adapanga ku NCMEC. Kupatula kusiyidwa kuti tilingalire za kuchuluka kwamavidiyo omwe apangidwa theka linalo funso lodziwikiratu ndilakuti "Ndipo mfundo yako?"  

Lingaliro langa ndilo lomwe lingakhale m'maganizo a anthu otanganidwa "Zisanu ndi chimodzi".  Zisanu ndi chimodzi ndi 90%. Manambala amutu. Samalani kuti iwo asabwerezedwe ndi, mukudziwa kuti ndi ndani.

Phunziro lachiwiri

Kutenga nthawi ina (chifukwa chiyani?), Julayi-Ogasiti, 2020 ndi Januware 2021, ndi gulu lina laling'ono, laling'ono (maakaunti 150 okha) timauzidwa za anthu omwe adalemba csam yomwe idalengezedwa ku NCMEC 75% anachita izi popanda kuwonekera "zolinga zoyipa ”.  Mosiyana ndi izi kafukufukuyu akuwonetsa kuti anthu omwe achita chinyengo chotsitsa csam adachita izi “Kukwiya” kapena chifukwa amaganiza kuti ndizoseketsa. 75%. Ndiyo nambala ina yamutu yomwe imamatira ndikubwereza.

Mwina pali pepala penapake lomwe limafotokoza momwe Facebook idatsimikizira kuti kunalibe "Zolinga zoyipa". Sindikutha kuchipeza. Koma sizovuta kuthana ndi zovuta zomwe Facebook imadzipangira zokha panthawi yake.

Omwe akukhudzidwa ndi andale komanso atolankhani

Pakadali pano Facebook ikufuna anthu - ndikutanthauza kuti makamaka andale ndi atolankhani - ku Europe, USA ndi kwina, kuti ayambe kuganiza kuti vuto lakuzunza ana pa intaneti ndi losiyana ndi laling'ono kwambiri kuposa momwe akadakhulupirira kale ndi kuti ndizotsika kwambiri mpaka (kukhululukidwa?) utsiru waumunthu.

Komabe chowonadi chosasinthika ndiye kuti zifanizo ziyenera kuchotsedwa. Ndiko kuyamba ndi kutha kwake. Ngati tili ndi njira zothetsera zithunzi zosavomerezeka za kuwawa kwa ana ndi kuchititsidwa manyazi, bwanji sitiyenera? Chifukwa chiyani, m'malo mwake, tingawabise dala? Ndalama ndiyankho lokhalo lomwe ndingabwere nalo ndipo silokwanira.

Oloŵa m'malo osakwanira

Gawo lachitatu la blog yomweyo Facebook imatiuza za zinthu zina zomwe ikufuna kuchita. Adzayankha anthu omwe akuwoneka kuti alibe kukoma nthabwala kapena kupusa kwawo.

Pakadali pano abwera ndi ma pop-up awiri. Zamgululi Facebook iyenera kuwatulutsa. Palibe omwe amafikira kulikonse kuti athe kubwezera mapulani awo pakubisa. M'mayendedwe ena aliwonse a moyo ngati gulu la anthu likaphatikizana kubisa umboni wamilandu ndikuganiza kuti angamangidwe ndikuimbidwa mlandu wochita chiwembu cholepheretsa chilungamo.

Manambala a Facebook mu 2020

Zotsatira zakufufuza kwa Facebook zidatuluka mkatikati mwa mzere ku EU. Anali otsutsana ndi kufalitsa manambala atsopano a NCMEC.

Mu 2019 NCMEC idalandira malipoti 16,836,694 pomwe 15,884,511 (94%) adachokera pamapulatifomu a Facebook. Mu 2020 mwa 21.7 miliyoni, 20,307,216 adachokera kuma Facebook osiyanasiyana (93%).

Ngakhale ndimatsutsa kwambiri Facebook sitiyenera kuiwala ziyeneretso ziwiri zofunika. Ndiwo nsanja yayikulu kwambiri m'malo ochezera. Ndipo timangodziwa zochuluka za iwo chifukwa deta ilipo. Izi ndichifukwa choti Mapulogalamu awo awiri apakompyuta, Messenger ndi Instagram Direct, sanatchulidwe (komabe).

Chifukwa chake muyenera kudabwa zomwe zikuchitika pamapulatifomu ena omwe amatumizira kale ntchito zawo motero sangatulutse chilichonse. Kwenikweni, sitiyenera kudabwa kwambiri.

Kuwona kuseri kwa chitseko chobisika

Lachisanu latha The Times  kuwululidwa mu 2020 apolisi aku UK adalandira ndalama 24,000 kuchokera ku Facebook ndi Instagram. Koma 308 okha kuchokera WhatsApp. WhatsApp yasungidwa kale.

ndi Ogwiritsa ntchito 44.8 miliyoni UK ili ndi nambala wachitatu wapamwamba kwambiri wamakasitomala a Facebook padziko lapansi kuseri kwa India ndi USA. Instagram ili ndi ogwiritsa 24 miliyoni ku UK. Zachidziwikire, pakhoza kukhala kupezeka kwakukulu ndi Facebook ndi Messenger ndi Instagram Apps. WhatsApp ili ndi ogwiritsa ntchito 27.6 miliyoni ku UK.

Ndizosatheka kunena zomwe nambala ya WhatsApp “Akanakhala” - zambiri zosamvetsetseka- koma chiŵerengero cha 308: 24,000 chikuwoneka pang'ono. Ngati pali chilichonse chomwe mungayembekezere kuchuluka kwa zithunzi zosaloledwa kukhala kokulirapo pa WhatsApp chifukwa chatsekedwa kale. Taganizirani izi.

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