Chitani tsopano zomwe aliyense waitanidwa

Aliyense Akuitanidwa

yambani888 Nkhani zaposachedwa

Ndi tsiku lachisoni pomwe achinyamata amachita zinthu m'manja mwawo kuti adziteteze ndi mawebusayiti odana ndi kugwiririra monga Aliyense Akuitanidwa. Kulephera kwa boma kuchititsa kuti ana ndi achinyamata azaka zosakwana 18 azipeza zolaula ndizofunikira kwambiri pakusintha chikhalidwe chomwe amayi amadzimva kuti ndiosatetezeka. Part 3 ya Digital Economy Act 2017 idasungidwa ndi Boma pa ola la khumi ndi chimodzi mu 2019. Koma sikuchedwa kwambiri kuyigwiritsa ntchito pano. Itha kukhala yokonzeka m'masiku 40 ngati pangakhale zofuna zawo pandale. Osewera onse akulu akukonzekera kuti akwaniritse.

Zolaula ndi vuto lalikulu

Poyankhulana ndi BBC Chief Constable Simon Bailey anachenjeza momveka bwino kuti zolaula zimasokoneza momwe achinyamata ena amawonera maubwenzi. Anazindikira kuti izi zakhala "zoyendetsa" zamakhalidwe omwe amafotokozedwa pa intaneti.

Vutoli lidayamba kuwonekera kuyambira kubwera kwa intaneti yothamanga kwambiri mu 2008. Ndikwezanso kuposa momwe zikuwonekera, ndipo ndiyenera kutsutsana ndi malingaliro osavuta a Simon Bailey kuti athetse vutoli: kulimbikitsa makolo kuti azikambirana ndi ana awo chifukwa zolaula sili ngati kugonana kwenikweni, ndikusintha chikhalidwe kusukulu. Awa ndi malangizo abwino kwambiri koma zachisoni, sikokwanira, boma liyeneranso kuchitapo kanthu.

Digital Economy Act

Kuyankha kwake sikokwanira pazifukwa zitatu ndipo zonse zikuwonetsa chifukwa chomwe tikufunikira Gawo 3 la Lamulo lazachuma pa digito kuti ligwiritsidwe ntchito posachedwa kuti tiyankhidwe moyenera kwa Wonse Wakuyitanidwa.

Yankho lake loyamba limagwera makolo kuti alankhule ndi ana awo. Izi zimanyalanyaza vuto lomwe ili lalikulu. Pomwe makolo amafunika kuyankhula pafupipafupi ndi ana awo pazokhudza zolaula, makolo okha sangathe kuthana nazo. Ikufunika kwambiri kuti boma lichitepo kanthu kuti athane ndi mphamvu zopanda malire zamakampani opanga mabiliyoni ambiri.

Chachiwiri, pali chopinga chachikulu choti muthetse. Kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula kwa makolo iwowo komanso kudzimva olakwa pakusamalira momwe ana awo amagwiritsira ntchito. Pali fayilo ya nkhani yabwino za izi ndi dokotala wamaganizidwe aana Victoria Dunckley pankhani yogwiritsa ntchito zowonera. Makolo ambiri amaganiza kuti mwina sizinawapweteke atagwiritsa ntchito zolaula pausinkhu wawo. Koma kuchuluka kwa zolaula ndizamphamvu kwambiri masiku ano, poyerekeza ngakhale zaka 15 zapitazo. Tiyenera kuphunzitsa makolo kuti malingaliro otsalira amlandu kapena manyazi achepe.

Chachitatu, kuganiza kuti nkhani ya makolo yomwe imanena kuti zolaula sizofanana ndi kugonana kwenikweni imangotenga theka lokhudza momwe zolaula zimakhalira muubongo wa mwanayo. Zogonana zimachitika m'njira ziwiri. Choyamba pali zomwe zimatchedwa kuti 'kuzindikira'. Limamasulira kuti "ndiye zomwe kugonana kuli". Uwu ndi mtundu wa zomwe a Simon Bailey akuwonetsa kuti zokambirana za makolo zitha kuthana nazo.

Kugonana

Zachisoni, imanyalanyaza mtundu wina wamakhalidwe azakugonana, mtundu wa 'chidziwitso', womwe ndi kusintha kwakuya kwaubongo komwe kumapangitsa kufunikira kwakukwezedwa kwakanthawi kwakanthawi chifukwa chodandaula. Izi zimamasulira kuti "NDIKUFUNA zolaula kuti ndidzuke." Izi ndizomwe zimayambitsa vutoli. Achichepere sasiya kupeza mwayi waulere wapampopi chifukwa atsikana akudandaula kuti sakonda momwe zimakhudzira machitidwe amuna kapena chifukwa makolo akuti sizili ngati kugonana kwenikweni. 

Vutoli lakuya limafuna yankho lolunjika kwambiri. Tikudziwa kuchokera kwa anthu masauzande ambiri zodzidziwitsa okha kuchokera kwa anyamata patsamba loonera zolaula monga NoFap.com or RebootNation.org mavuto omwe amakhala nawo pakugonana ndiye chinthu chokhacho chomwe chimasunga chidwi chawo. Malipotiwa akuwonetsa zinthu ziwiri zofunika pakukhudzana ndi zolaula.

Choyamba, anyamata ambiri adanena kuti atazindikira zomwe zolaula zimatha kuchita kuubongo, makamaka momwe zimakhudzira kugonana, adalimbikitsidwa kuyesa kusiya. Chachiwiri, zinali zokha pambuyo adasiya, kodi adazindikira kuti chifundo chawo kwa amayi chidabwereranso pakapita nthawi ubongo wawo utachira.

Posaletsanso kudya ndi kugwedeza ubongo ndi chisonkhezero champhamvu chotere, imvi imakwiranso mbali yaubongo yomwe imawathandiza kudziwa zomwe zimatchedwa "malingaliro amalingaliro," kutha kuyimirira m'mavuto a wina, kumva chisoni . Zimathandizanso kulumikizana kwa neural pakati pa limbic (malingaliro) ubongo ndi ubongo wamaganizidwe (preortalal cortex) kulimbitsa. Izi zimalola munthu kuyika mabuleki mwamakhalidwe osalimbikitsa chikhalidwe. Ubongo wawo ukachiritsidwa, amakhala olimba mwakuthupi ndi m'maganizo ndipo amafunitsitsa kuti apange zipatso. 

Umboni

Inde, pali kafukufuku wofufuza wamba wapa mbali zosiyanasiyana kuti athandizire izi. M'mabuku a neuroscience okha alipo Zotsatira za 55 kulumikiza zolaula kumagwiritsa ntchito ubongo wokhudzana ndi zosokoneza bongo. Onani izi kanema yaifupi kuti mumvetsetse chifukwa chake zolaula zimasokoneza komanso momwe zingakhudzire achinyamata omwe amagwiritsa ntchito. Kwa andale omwe akufuna umboni wowonekera, nayi athu yankho ku boma Ndondomeko ya nkhanza kwa amayi ndi atsikana Njira Yokambirana 2020.

Zachidziwikire kuti izi zingakhale zabwino kwa Sir Keir Starmer, mtsogoleri wa Labor, kuti apitilize kunyumba yamalamulo. Makolo angakonde. Ambiri mwa anthu omwe ali pa "Wonse Winaitanidwa" amathanso kusangalala. Tisaiwale ambiri aiwo atsala pang'ono kukhala ovota. Kodi sitingagwirizane ndi azimayi andale munyumba zonsezo kuti tithandizire kuchitapo kanthu kuteteza ana athu ku zowawa ndi zovuta zokhudzana ndi zolaula zopanda malire?

Robert Halfon, wapampando wa Education Select Committee adayankha atamva za tsambali lotsutsana ndi kugwiririra, Aliyense Akuitanidwa. Adayitanitsa "kafukufuku wodziyimira pawokha kuti adziwe chifukwa chake ophunzira ambiri achikazi adazunzidwa komanso kuzunzidwa".

Polemba za momwe kugwiririra ku University of Edinburgh, The Sunday Times Mary Sharpe ananena kuti "Ndi tsiku lachisoni pamene achinyamata akuyenera kudzitengera okha zinthu ndi mawebusaiti monga Aliyense Wakuitanidwa." Anatinso china chake chinali kusowa kuchitapo kanthu pazoletsa zaka zamasamba azamalonda.

Kufunsanso kwina?

Nchifukwa chiyani tikufunikiranso kufunsa kwina? Tikudziwa kuti zolaula ndizoyendetsa kwambiri. Chief Constable Bailey, katswiri wokhudza kuzunza ana pa intaneti, adatero. Maumboni ovomerezeka ndi osadziwika ali ochuluka. Komanso tili ndi malamulo othandiza omwe aperekedwa kale ndi nyumba zonse ziwiri zomwe zimangofunikira kukhazikitsidwa. Kungakhale kusiyana kwakukulu mpaka pa Bill Harms Paintaneti yomwe ingathetse zolaula pa malo ochezera a pa Intaneti zitha kukonzedwa zaka zingapo zikubwerazi. Sikuti ndi / kapena, koma malamulo ndi malamulo onse amafunika. Achita nawo mbali zosiyanasiyana zavutoli lomwe likukula. Tiyenera kuteteza ana athu ndi anyamata ndi atsikana tsopano. Izi Vidiyo ya mphindi ya 2 akufotokozera mwachidule momwe zinthu ziliri.

Pakadali pano, onani The Reward Foundation's chitsogozo cha makolo chaulere zolaula pa intaneti. Izi zimathandiza kuphunzitsa makolo kukhala ndi zokambirana zovuta. Ifenso tili nawo 7 mapulani a maphunziro aulere za sukulu kuti zithandizire kusintha chikhalidwe kuchoka kuzunzidwa ndikukhala malo odalirana mozungulira maubwenzi apamtima.

Chonde chitanipo kanthu tsopano.

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