Ubongo ukukula Gogtay et al 2004

Ubongo wa Achinyamata

Nthawi yaunyamata imayambira zaka 10 mpaka 12 kuyambira kutha msinkhu ndipo imapitilira mpaka zaka 25. Ndizothandiza kumvetsetsa kuti ubongo waunyamata umakhala wa thupi, mawonekedwe komanso kapangidwe kake mosiyana ndi kamwana kapena wamkulu. Pulogalamu yokhudzana ndi mating iphulika ndikumazindikira kwathu mahomoni ogonana atatha msinkhu. Ndipamene chidwi cha mwana chimachoka pa zidole ndi magalimoto othamanga nkuyamba kuyang'ana chilengedwe, kubala. Chomwecho chimayamba chidwi chachikulu cha wachinyamata pankhani yokhudza kugonana komanso momwe angadziwire.

Nkhani yotsatira ya TED (14 mins) ndi katswiri wa sayansi ya sayansi Pulofesa Sarah Jayne Blakemore wotchedwa  ntchito zodabwitsa za ubongo wachinyamata, amafotokoza kukula kwa ubongo wathanzi wa achinyamata. Iye sakunena za kugonana, zolaula zimagwiritsa ntchito kapena zotsatira zake. Uthenga wabwino ndi wakuti zabwino kwambiri woonetsa (50 mins) amatero. Ndi pulofesa wa sayansi ya ubongo ku National Institute of Dawa ku US ndipo akufotokozera momwe chiopsezo cha poizoni monga mowa kapena mankhwala osokoneza bongo ndi njira monga maseŵera, zolaula ndi kutchova njuga zingawononge ubongo wa achinyamata.

Izi ndi zabwino kwambiri Podcast (56 mins) ndi Gary Wilson amagwiritsa ntchito mosapita m'mbali momwe malonda a pa Intaneti aliri ndi ubongo wa achinyamata. Amafotokozanso kusiyana pakati pa maliseche ndi zolaula zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Achinyamata ndi nthawi yophunzira mofulumira. Ndi pamene tikuyamba mwamsanga kupeza zochitika zatsopano ndi luso limene tikufuna kuti tikhale akuluakulu pokonzekera kuchoka chisa. Ubongo uliwonse ndi wapadera, wopangidwa ndi wopangidwa ndi maphunziro ake omwe.

Kuphunzira kumeneku kumachitika pamene ubongo umaphatikizapo mphotho mwa kugwirizanitsa zigawo za ziwalo zomwe zimakumbukira zomwe timakumbukira komanso zovuta kwambiri ku malo oyendetsa bwino, malo odziletsa, kuganiza mozama, kulingalira komanso kukonzekera nthawi yayitali. Zimathandizanso kuti zigawozi zizigwirizana mofulumira kwambiri pogwiritsa ntchito njira zogwiritsiridwa ntchito za neural zomwe zimakhala ndi mafuta oyera omwe amatchedwa myelin.

Pambuyo pa nthawi yophatikizana ndi kukonzanso, ubongo wachinyamata umayambanso kusokoneza zinthu zomwe sizikugwiritsidwa ntchito mosagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zida zogwirizana nazo zomwe zimachokera pamtunda wolimba chifukwa chodziwika mobwerezabwereza ndi chizolowezi. Choncho ngakhale achinyamata anu amathera nthawi yambiri payekha pa intaneti, kapena kusakanizikana ndi achinyamata ena, kuphunzira, kuphunzira nyimbo kapena kusewera masewera, njira zogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri zidzakhala ngati misewu yapamwamba pamene iwo akakula.

Kuyambira ali mwana, chilakolako chokondweretsa chiri pachimake. Ubongo wa achinyamata umatulutsa ma dopamine ambiri ndipo amakhala ovuta kwambiri, kuwatsogolera kuyesa mphoto zatsopano ndi kuika pangozi. Dopamine yambiri imathandizanso kulimbitsa ndi kulimbikitsa njira zatsopanozi.

Mwachitsanzo, iwo ali ndi chikhulupiliro chokwanira, chododometsa, chodzaza, mafilimu owopsya omwe angakhale akuluakulu ambiri akuyesa kubisala. Iwo sangakhoze kupeza zokwanira za iwo. Kuwopsa kwa chiopsezo ndi gawo lachilengedwe la chitukuko chawo, monga kuyesa malire, ulamuliro wotsutsa, kuwatsimikizira okha. Izi ndi zomwe achinyamata ali nazo. Amadziwa kuti kumwa, kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo, kugonana popanda chitetezo komanso kumenyana kungakhale koopsa, koma mphotho ya chisangalalo 'tsopano' imakhala yamphamvu kuposa kudandaula za zotsatira zake.

Vuto lino kwa aliyense amene ali ndi achinyamata masiku ano ndi lakuti ubongo waunyamata uli pachiopsezo cha matenda a maganizo, kuphatikizapo kuledzera, makamaka kuledzera kwa intaneti. Kukhala ndi chizoloŵezi chimodzi kumayendetsa kufufuza zinthu zina ndi zinthu zomwe zimachititsa kuti dopamine ikule. Kuledzeretsa kwapakati paziwalo ndizofala kwambiri - nicotine, mowa, mankhwala osokoneza bongo, caffeine, zolaula pa intaneti, masewera ndi njuga mwachitsanzo zonse zimatsitsa dongosolo ndikupanga zotsatira zotsutsa kwa nthawi yaitali za thanzi labwino.

Kukhala ndi Moyo Pano - Kuchedwa Kuchotsera

Ndichoncho chifukwa chiyani? Chifukwa ma lobes akutsogolo omwe amakhala ngati 'mabuleki' pamakhalidwe owopsa sanayambebe ndipo mtsogolo mulibe nthawi yayitali. Izi zimadziwika ngati kuchotsera mwachangu - posankha kukhutitsidwa msanga ndi mphotho mtsogolomo, ngakhale itakhala yabwino. Kafukufuku wofunikira waposachedwa awonetsa kuti zolaula pa intaneti zimadzipangira zokha zimapanga mitengo yayikulu ya kulepheretsa kuchotsa. Izi ziyenera kukhala zokhudzidwa kwenikweni kwa makolo ndi aphunzitsi. Nazi chithandizo nkhani pa phunziro lokhudza kafukufuku watsopano. Nkhani yonse ikupezeka Pano. Mwachidule, ogwiritsa ntchito zolaula omwe anasiya kugwiritsa ntchito zolaula kwa milungu ingapo ya 3 adapeza kuti amatha kuzengereza kukhutira kuposa omwe sanatero. Kukhala wokhoza kuchedwetsa kukhutitsidwa ndichinthu chofunikira kwambiri pamoyo wofooka chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito zolaula ndipo chitha kuwerengera zotsatira zoyipa za mayeso, zokolola zochepa komanso kutopa komwe anthu ambiri ogwiritsa ntchito zolaula amakhala nako. Nkhani yabwino ndiyakuti izi zimawoneka ngati zasintha pakapita nthawi pomwe ogwiritsa ntchito amasiya zolaula. Onani apa zitsanzo za kudzidziwitsa nokha nkhani zobwezeretsa.

Tikakhala akuluakulu, ngakhale kuti ubongo ukupitirizabe kuphunzira, sizichita mofulumira kwambiri. Ndicho chifukwa chake zomwe timasankha kuphunzira muunyamata wathu ndizofunikira kwambiri pa tsogolo lathu. Zowonjezera mpata wophunzira kwambiri kumakhala kochepa pambuyo pa nthawi yapadera ya unyamata.

Ubongo Wathanzi ndi Ubongo Wophatikiza

Ubongo wathanzi ndi ubongo wothandizira, womwe ukhoza kuyeza zotsatirapo ndi kupanga zosankha mogwirizana ndi cholinga. Ikhoza kukhazikitsa cholinga ndikuchikwaniritsa. Ali ndi kuthetsa kwa nkhawa. Ikhoza kukhala ndi zizoloŵezi zomwe sizingatumikire chimodzi. Zimalengedwa komanso zimatha kuphunzira luso komanso zizolowezi zatsopano. Ngati tigwira ntchito kuti tikhale ndi ubongo wathanzi wathanzi, timakulitsa ndi kumanga malingaliro athu, timakula, timayang'ana zomwe zikuchitika kuzungulira ife ndikusamalira zosowa za ena. Timakula, timasangalala ndi moyo ndikufika pamtima.

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